Cover Image
close this bookThe NGLS Handbook of UN Agencies, Programmes and Funds Working for Economic and Social Development (NGLS)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
View the documentIntroduction
close this folderUnited Nations organization
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentPrincipal organs
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderFood and agriculture organization of the United Nations (FAO)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentFAO activities
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderInternational fund for agricultural development (IFAD)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentIFAD activities
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderInternational labour organization (ILO)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentILO activities
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderInternational research and training institute for the advancement of women (INSTRAW)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentINSTRAW activities
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderJoint united nations programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentUNAIDS activities
close this folderUnited nations capital development fund (UNCDF)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentUNCDF activities
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderUnited nations centre for human settlements UNCHS (HABITAT)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentUNCHS activities
View the documentUNCHS activities
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderUnited nations conference on trade and development (UNCTAD)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentUNCTAD activities
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderUnited nations international drug control programme (UNDCP)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentUNDCP activities
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderUnited nations development programme (UNDP)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentUNDP activities
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderUnited nations environment programme (UNEP)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentUNEP activities
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderUnited nations educational, scientific and cultural organization (UNESCO)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentUNESCO activities
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderUnited nations population fund (UNFPA)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentUNFPA activities
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderThe office of the united nations high commissioner for refugees (UNHCR)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentUNHCR activities
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderUnited nations children's fund (UNICEF)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentUNICEF activities
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderUnited nations industrial development organization (UNIDO)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentUNIDO activities
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderUnited nations development fund for women (UNIFEM)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentUNIFEM activities
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderUnited nations institute for training and research (UNITAR)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentUNITAR activities
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderUnited nations research institute for social development (UNRISD)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentUNRISD activities
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderUnited nations volunteers (UNV)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentUNV activities
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderWorld food programme (WFP)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentWFP activities
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderWorld health organization (WHO)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentWHO activities
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderThe world bank group
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentWorld Bank Group Activities
View the documentNGO relations
close this folderUnited nations non-governmental liaison service (NGLS)
View the documentOrigins and background
View the documentNGLS activities
View the documentNGO relations

Origins and background

The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) is the principal organ of the General Assembly in the field of trade and development. It was established as a permanent intergovernmental body in 1964 (GA Resolution 1995 XIX) in Geneva as a result of the first session of the conference, with a view to accelerating economic growth and development, particularly that of developing countries.

UNCTAD was established to affirm the United Nations General Assembly's conviction that international cooperation in trade and development is vital for world economic growth and the economic development of developing countries. Since 1964, UNCTAD has greatly evolved—its history is linked to the difficult but immensely challenging history of North-South cooperation. Its special quality is its concern with change as the hallmark of development, which explains the evolution that has marked UNCTAD's existence during the last three decades.