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close this bookWorkshop to Produce an Information Kit on Farmer-proven. Integrated Agriculture-aquaculture Technologies (IIRR, 1992, 119 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentWorkshop of participants
View the documentBibliography on integrated farming
close this folderEconomic, sociocultural and environmental considerations in introducing integrated agriculture-aquaculture technology
View the documentSociocultural considerations when introducing a new integrated agriculture - aquaculture technology
View the documentEconomic considerations in introducing integrated agriculture-aquaculture technologies
View the documentWorking with new entrants to integrated agriculture -aquaculture
View the documentIntegrated agriculture-aquaculture and the environment
close this folderIntegrated farming systems
View the documentIntegrated grass-fish farming systems in China
View the documentChinese embankment fish culture
View the documentThe V.A.C. system in northern Vietnam
View the documentFodder-fish integration practice in Malaysia
View the documentIndian integrated fish-horticulture vegetable farming
View the documentCulture of short-cycle species in seasonal ponds and ditches of Bangladesh
close this folderAnimal-fish system
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntegrated fish-duck farming
View the documentIntegrated poultry-fish farming
View the documentIntegrated fish-pig farming (1000 sq meter unit: India)
View the documentBackyard integrated pig-fish culture (100-150 sq m unit: philippines)
close this folderRice-fish systems
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentLow-input rice-fish farming system in irrigated areas in Malaysia
View the documentRice-fish systems in Indonesia
View the documentSawah Tambak rice-fish system in Indonesia
View the documentRice-fish systems in China
View the documentRice-fish system in Guimba, Hueva Ecija, Philippines
View the documentThe case of rice-fish farmer mang isko,dasmarinas, cavite, the Philippines
close this folderManagement for rice-fish
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentSite selection: where to culture fish with rice'
View the documentPreparation of field for Rich - fish culture
View the documentStocking for rice-fish culture
View the documentFeeding and maintenance in rice-fish system
View the documentRice management in rice-fish culture
View the documentRice-fish benefits and problems
View the documentThe rice-fish ecosystem
View the documentFish as a component of integrated pest management (ipm) in rice production
close this folderFish management and feeding
View the documentUsing animal wastes in fish ponds
View the documentSewage-fed fish
View the documentBiogas slurry in fish culture
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close this folderFish breeding and nursing
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCarp breeding using off- season wheat fields
View the documentNursery system for carp species
View the documentFry nursing in rice-fish systems
View the documentFingerling production in irrigated paddy

Backyard integrated pig-fish culture (100-150 sq m unit: philippines)

Integrated pig-fish culture is not a new concept; it has been practiced for many years in most of Asia. Raising pigs and fish at the same time has several advantages:

· Fish farmers can produce fish without feeding and hauling manure to fertilize the pond.

· Pig-fish culture maximizes land use by integrating two farm enterprises in the same area.

· The fish pond serves as a sanitary disposal place for animal wastes.

· Backyard integrated pig-fish culture provides additional income and a cheap source of animal protein for the family.

ESTABLISHING THE SYSTEM

1. Pond Construction

Establish the pond near a water source. However, the site should be free from flooding. Inlet and outlet pipes should be installed and screened.

One pig can sufficiently fertilize a 100-150 sq m pond with. its manure. The water depth should be maintained at 60-100 cm. With this recommended pond area and water depth together with the right stocking density, problems of organic pollution are avoided.


Pond Construction

A diversion canal can be constructed to channel excess manure into a compost pit or when manure loading needs to be stopped.

2. Location of the Pig Pen

The pig pen should be constructed over the dikes near the fish pond. Preferably, the floor should be made of concrete and should slope toward the pond. A pipe is necessary to convey the manure into the pond. An alternative design is to construct the pig pen over the pond. The floor is made of bamboo slats spaced just enough to allow manure to fall directly into the pond but not too wide for the feet of the pigs to slip into (thus, causing injuries). The pen should have a floor area of 1 m x 1.5 m for each pig.


Location of the pig pen option 1


Location of the pig pen option 2

3. Stocking

· Stock the pond with fingerlings once the pond is filled up with water. The recommended stocking rate are as follows:

Monoculture: Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) -2 fish/sq m (3-5 g eve wt)

Polyculture

:200 fish/100 sq m (3-5 g eve wt)


85% Tilapia(170 fingerlings)


13% Common carp (Cyprinus carplo, 26 fingerlings)


2% Snake heads (Channa striata) and


Cat fish (Clarlas batrachus) - 4 fingerlings, 1-2 9 eve wt

Polyculture:

200 fish/100 sq m (Vietnam and Thailand experience)


50% Pangaslus micronemus (100 fingerlings, 10 g)


30% Tilapia (60 fingerlings, 3-5 g)


20% Kissing gourami (Hllostoma temminckl) - 40 fingerlings, 1-2 g

· Stock the pig pen with 8-10 kg or 1 1/2 month old weanlings.
· Fish and piglets can be stocked at the same time.

4. Feeding

Feed the pigs twice a day. Supplemental feeds such as ipil-ipil (Leucaena leucocephala) or kangkong (Ipomea aquatica) may be given.

5. Harvesting

· Harvest the fish after 4-5 months. Collect fingerlings for the next growing season; sell the surplus. Partial harvesting for family consumption can also be done as needed.

· Sell the pig after 4-5 months..

· Scrape out the organic waste or mud on the pond floor and use as fertilizer for the vegetable crop.

LIMITATIONS

· High cost of inputs (feeds and weanlings)

· Consumers may be reluctant to eat fish produced in manure-loaded ponds, creating potential marketing problems.

· Farmers want their animals close to their homes (because of theft problems, and this may not be always possible.

POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS TO OVERCOME SOME OF THE LIMITATIONS

1. Raise crossbred/native pigs to reduce feed cost.

2. To make the harvested fish from manure-loaded ponds more acceptable to consumers, remove the socalled "muddy" or off- flavor taste by:

· Stop loading manure to the pond a few days before harvesting fish.

· Transfer harvested fish to a net enclosure installed in a clear pond at least 4-6 hours prior to selling or eating them.

Cost and return of the backyard integrated pig-fish culture (five months)


COSTS

Pig component


Weanling

P 1,000.00

Commercial feeds

1,246.60

Medicines

34 00

Rice bran (25 kg)

87.50

Labor

300.00

Pig pen maintenance

50.00

Fish component


Pond maintenance

250.00

Fingerlings

40.00


P 3,008.10

Income Output


Pig (1 head)

P 3,050 00

Fish (27.5 kg at 40/kg)

1,100.00

Fish fingerlings (1 ,100 at P.02/piece)

220.00


P 4,370.00

Balance

P 1,369.90

Capital Investments (Fixed items)


Pig pen (P500 at 6 years)

P 500.00

Pond construction

200.00

Bucket

80.00


P 780.00

Rate of return on investment = (1369.90 /780) x100 = 176%

Note:

* For P00 invested, the farmer gets P176.00
* Entire capital costs can be recovered in one production cycle and yet retain a surplus.
* U.S. $ 1. = P26

Prepared by: FRANK FERMIN

FARMER-PROVEN, INTEGRATED AGRICULTUREAQUACULTURE:
A TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION KIT(II RR- ICLARM)