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close this bookCommunity Approach to Integrated Basic Services Promoting Health and Livelihood for the Urban Poor - UNCHS Pilot Project: Lucknow, Rajkot, Visakhapatnam (Government of India - HABITAT, 1999, 90 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentMessage
View the documentForeword
View the documentPreface
View the documentExecutive Summary
close this folder1. Introduction
View the document1.1 Background
View the document1.2 Poverty Alleviation Initiatives
View the document1.3 Review and Rationalization of the Poverty Interventions
View the document1.4 UNCHS - INDIA Partnership to fight poverty
View the document1.5 The Co-operation
View the document1.6 Implementation Strategy
View the document1.7 City Level Implementation Activities
View the document1.8 Distribution of Resources under SJSRY
View the document1.9 Institutional Arrangements
View the document1.10 Future Perspectives
close this folder2. Lucknow City Project
View the document2.1 The City Profile
View the document2.2 Socio-economic Profile
View the document2.3 Infrastructure Arrangements
View the document2.4 Institutional Arrangements, Management and Finance
View the document2.5 Slum areas under UNCHS Programme
View the document2.6 Strategies and Activities
close this folder3. Rajkot City Project
View the document3.1 The City Profile
View the document3.2 Socio-economic Profile of Slums
View the document3.3 Infrastructure Arrangements
View the document3.4 Institutional Arrangements, Management and Finance
View the document3.5 Slum Areas under UNCHS Programme
View the document3.6 Strategies and Activities
close this folder4. Visakhapatnam City Project
View the document4.1 The City Profile
View the document4.2 Socio-economic Profile
View the document4.3 Infrastructure Arrangements
View the document4.4 Institutional Arrangements, Management and Finance
View the document4.5 Slum Areas under UNCHS Programme
View the document4.6 Strategies and Activities
close this folder5. Future Perspectives
View the document5.1 Project Gains
View the document5.2 Strategy for Replicability
View the document5.3 Sustainability
View the documentAbbreviations

3.6 Strategies and Activities

Strategies

A city level Workshop was first organised in Rajkot in October 1998. The objective of the Workshop was to provide relevant information and guidance to the representatives of the neighbourhood committees, non-governmental organisations, elected representatives of the urban local bodies and officials engaged in providing basic services concerning health and livelihood of the urban poor. The idea was to clarify the concept of an integrated approach based on synergy and convergence and to introduce related strategies for community development to the participants of the seminar.

The Workshop was attended by a representative of UNCHS, the nodal officer for Rajkot from Ministry of Urban Development, the Municipal Commissioner, elected representatives including the Mayor, Deputy Mayor, Chairmen of the standing committees, members of neighbourhood committees, representatives of NGOs, academicians, medical and paramedical professionals etc.

The strategies adopted as per the recommendations of this Workshop were as follows:

· Slum development programmes should be based on active public participation.

· People should be encouraged to articulate their needs and determine their priorities.

· Neighbourhood committees should be formed for all slum areas.

· House-to-house survey of the slum areas should be extended to cover the slum pockets in the areas recently merged with the Rajkot Municipal Corporation which were earlier managed by three different municipalities.

· Specific work based on the felt needs should be directly recommended by the Neighbourhood Committees and should not be imposed by officials of the Corporation.

· In the majority of the notified slums basic services have already been satisfactorily provided by the Corporation. Hence slum pockets mostly deficient in these services should be taken up on a priority basis.

· The Workshop identified the need to conduct the training programmes in areas which include Solid waste management - hygienic and healthy practices; Peoples participation in cleanness; Better personal and public health practices; Universalisation of primary education; First-aid techniques; and Empowerment of women.

Details of Activities

The following activities were undertaken for slum development in Rajkot under the UNCHS project:

(i) House-to-house survey of all slum areas of the city was carried out by the Gujarat Slum Clearance Board. This survey provided specific information on the following subjects.

· Various types of information on families residing in different slums.

· Basic amenities provided in slums (residence-wise & area-wise) like electricity, drinking water supply, street light, underground drainage, garbage disposal etc.

· Information regarding status/condition of each slum.

(ii) Subsequent to the survey the level of basic services concerning drinking water supply, road communication, street lighting, solid waste disposal, public utilities etc. were determined. Slum pockets deficient in these services were identified.

(iii) Neighbourhood committees were formed and activated to come up with specific recommendations for work related to basic services to be taken up in their areas.

(iv) Estimates were prepared for specific work in various slum areas which were to be executed subsequently.

(v) A seminar was organised in October 1998 to review the work done till that point of time and to provide full information to the representatives of the NGOs and members of the Neighbourhood Committees where development works were to be taken on a priority basis.

(vi) The Gujarat Slum Clearance Board was directed to commence its survey in the newly acquired area of determining the level of basic services in the slum pockets and to identify the requirements for community services.


This new public latrine replaces the old dilapidated one in the background. Slum dwellers are willing to pay for the upkeep of this vital facility.

The details of work implemented in the 10 slums initially taken up under the UNCHS programme are summarised in Table 3.4. Further, the on-going activities till the end of the programme period have also been delineated. These have been categorised broadly under three heads - Education and Awareness Creation, Vocational Training and Physical Slum Improvement. These proposed activities are tabulated in Table 3.5.


Young women train at this slum vocational training facility. Tailoring and beauty treatment are seen by slum women to have good potential for sustained livelihood.

Table 3.4 Details of Work Implemented during 1998-1999

S. No.

Name of Slum Pocket

Gutter

Road

Community Latrine

Piped Water Supply

Street Light

Sewerage

Total
Rs '000


Amount

Quantity
(m)

Amount

Quantity
(m)

Amount

Quantity

Amount

Quantity

Amount

Quantity
(nos.)

Amount

Quantity
(m)


1.

Rukhadiya Para

0.79

1320.00

0.35










114

2.

Dharar Nagar

0.07

120.00

0.35










42

3.

Loha Nagar

0.26

430.00

0.42


0.19

Repair work







87

4.

Kasturba-Harijanvas

5.74

9570.00



4.67

Construction of 10 seat Latrine


0.76

8 poles




1117

5.

Popat Para

0.15

250.00

1.59

2650.00



0.15

Line connection





204

6.

Jayprakash Nagar

1.17

1950.00











117

7.

Kitti Para

0.12

200.00











12

8.

Pedok Para

0.53

880.00

1.38

2300.00









191

9.

Santoshi Nagar

2.23

3720.00

2.32

3870.00









455

10.

Jangleshvar

1.50

2500.00

4.35

7250.00

0.12

Repair work

0.14

Line connection

0.17

2 poles

8.98

1800.00

1526


Total

3855

Table 3.5 On-going Activities for Slum Improvement

Activity

Investment
(Rs. Million)

A. Education and Awareness Creation


1. Workshop on Modern Techniques of Solid Waste Collection and Hygienic and Healthy Practices

0.05

2. Workshop on People's Participation in Cleanliness in the City

0.36

3. Awareness Drives on Better Personal & Public Health Practices in Slum Areas

0.35

4. Drive for Universalization of Primary Education

.00

5. First-Aid Training Programme

0.70

6. Workshop on Empowerment of Women: Rights & Opportunities for the Women

0.30

B. Vocational Training


1. Vocational Training for income-generating activities

0.64 to 0.80

C. Slum Improvement


1. Housing Scheme for Urban Poor

38.4

2. Internal Streets in the Slum Areas

3.5

3. Gutters

10.0

4. Underground Drainage

10.0

5. Street Lighting

0.5

6. Improvement of Services in Public Toilets


7. Construction of Public Toilets

15.0

8. Community Centres

8.0

Total

69.13

Investment Plan

Keeping in view the concept of converge of activities under various programmes coupled with the necessity to ensure the extension of facilities and improvement of other slum areas in a sustainable manner, a city level investment plan has been prepared for Rajkot. It gives a broad outline of future activities and anticipated costs. The Plan is presented in Table 3.6.

Table 3.6 Investment Plan

Activity Proposed in Slums

Investment
(Rs. Million)

A. Education and Awareness Creation

· Health and Hygiene education
· First Aid Training
· Primary Education
· Anganwadi and Balwadi
· Empowerment of Women
· Social Mapping
· Participatory Learning and Action

3.0

B. Vocational Training

Training for income generating activities like, plumbing, carpentry, motor mechanic, typing, data entry operator, gold smithy/silver smithy, beauty parlour, embroidery, tailoring, handicrafts etc.

1.0

C. Slum Improvement

· Basic services like water supply, public toilets (improvement and construction, gutters, internal streets, underground drainage, street lighting etc.
· Social services like community half, health centre etc.
· Housing scheme for urban poor.

90.0

Total

94.0