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close this bookAgricultural Biotechnology and the Poor (CGIAR, 2000, 248 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentFOREWORD
View the documentACKNOWLEDGMENTS
View the documentSECTION ONE: AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY AND THE POOR: PROMETHEAN SCIENCE - G. J. PERSLEY
close this folderSECTION TWO: SETTING THE SCENE
View the documentThe Challenge of Poverty in the 21st Century: The Role of Science - Ismail Serageldin
View the documentFeeding the Developing World in the Next Millennium: A Question of Science? - Alexander F. McCalla and Lynn R. Brown
View the documentGenetic Engineering and Food Security: Ecological and Livelihood Issues - M. S. Swaminathan
close this folderSECTION THREE: ANALYZING OPPORTUNITIES AND CONSTRAINTS IN SELECTED COUNTRIES
View the documentChina: Agricultural Biotechnology Opportunities to Meet the Challenges of Food Production - Qifa Zhang
View the documentIndia: Biotechnology Research and Development - Manju Sharma
View the documentPhilippines: Challenges, Opportunities, and Constraints in Agricultural Biotechnology - Reynaldo E. de la Cruz
View the documentThailand: Biotechnology for Farm Products and Agro-Industries - Morakot Tanticharoen
View the documentBrazil: Biotechnology and Agriculture to Meet the Challenges of Increased Food Production - Maria José Amstalden Sampaio
View the documentCosta Rica: Challenges and Opportunities in Biotechnology and Biodiversity - Ana Sittenfeld, Ana Mercedes Espinoza, Miguel Muñoz, and Alejandro Zamora
View the documentMexico: Ensuring Environmental Safety While Benefiting from Biotechnology - Ariel Alvarez-Morales
View the documentEgypt: Biotechnology from Laboratory to the Marketplace: Challenges and Opportunities - Magdy A. Madkour
View the documentIran: Hopes, Achievements, and Constraints in Agricultural Biotechnology - Behzad Ghareyazie
View the documentJordan: Status and Future Prospects of Biotechnology - Moh’d M. Ajlouni and H. Malkawi
View the documentKenya: Biotechnology in Africa: Why the Controversy? - Cyrus G. Ndiritu
View the documentSouth Africa: Biotechnology for Innovation and Development - Bongiwe Njobe-Mbuli
View the documentZimbabwe: Exploitation of Biotechnology in Agricultural Research - Christopher J. Chetsanga
close this folderSECTION FOUR: CONTROLLING ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS
View the documentScience-Based Risk Assessment for the Approval and Use of Plants in Agricultural and Other Environments - R. James Cook
View the documentGenetically Modified Crops and Other Organisms: Implications for Agricultural Sustainability and Biodiversity - Brian Johnson
View the documentSustainable Use of Genetically Modified Crops in Developing Countries - Fred Gould and Michael B. Cohen
close this folderSECTION FIVE: MINIMIZING HEALTH RISKS
View the documentPotential Health Risks of Genetically Modified Organisms: How Can Allergens be Assessed and Minimized? - Samuel B. Lehrer
close this folderSECTION SIX: MINIMIZING SOCIAL RISKS
View the documentModern Biotechnology for Food and Agriculture: Risks and Opportunities for the Poor - Per Pinstrup-Andersen and Marc J. Cohen
close this folderSECTION SEVEN: ETHICS AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
View the documentEthical Challenges of Agricultural Biotechnology for Developing Countries - Klaus M. Leisinger
close this folderSECTION EIGHT: PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR BIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH
View the documentEvolving Role of the Public and Private Sector in Agricultural Biotechnology for Developing Countries - Gerard Barry and Robert Horsch
View the documentGenomics Research: Prospects for Improving Livestock Productivity - Vishvanath Nene, Subhash Morzaria, Lyden Baker, Agnes Odonyo, Ed Rege, Ercole Zerbini, and Richard Bishop
View the documentLeveraging Partnerships Between the Public and Private Sector - Experience of USAID’s Agricultural Biotechnology Program - Josette Lewis
close this folderSECTION NINE: PROTECTING INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
View the documentIntellectual Property Protection: Who Needs It? - David L Richer
View the documentManaging Intellectual Property - Challenges and Responses for Agricultural Research Institutes - Joel I. Cohen
View the documentSECTION TEN: COMMUNICATING ABOUT BIOTECHNOLOGY AND ADDRESSING PUBLIC CONCERNS
close this folderSECTION ELEVEN: CONTRIBUTORS, ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
View the documentContributors
View the documentAcronyms and Abbreviations

Contributors

Papers

Moh’d M. Ajlouni, National Center for Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer, P.O. Box 639, Baga 19381 Jordan

Ariel Alvarez-Morales, CINVESTAV-IRAPUATO, Apdo Postal 629, Irapuato, Gto. CP 36500, Mexico

Lyden Baker, International Livestock Research Institute, P.O. Box 30709, Nairobi, Kenya

Gerard Barry, Rice Team, Monsanto, 700 Chesterfield Parkway North, Chesterfield, MO 63017 USA

Richard Bishop, International Livestock Research Institute, P.O. Box 30709, Nairobi, Kenya

Lynn R. Brown, World Bank, 1818 H. Street N.W., Washington, D.C. 20433 USA

Christopher J. Chetsanga, Biotechnology Research Institute, 1574 Alpes Road, Hatcliffe, P.O. Box 6640, Harare, Zimbabwe

Joel I. Cohen, Information and New Technologies, ISNAR, P.O. Box 93375, 2509 AJ The Hague, The Netherlands

Marc J. Cohen, International Food Policy Research Institute, 2033 K Street N.W., Washington, D.C. 20006 USA

Michael B. Cohen, International Rice Research Institute, MCPO Box 3127, Makati City, 1271, Philippines

R. James Cook, Washington State University, P.O. Box 646430, Pullman, WA 99164-6430 USA

Reynaldo E. de la Cruz, National Institutes of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (BIOTECH, University of the Philippines, Los Banos, Philippines

Ana Mercedes Espinoza, Centro de Investigacion en Biologia Celular y Molecular, Universidad de Costa Rica, San Jose, Costa Rica

Behzad Ghareyazie, Agricultural Research Institute of Iran, Seed and Plant Improvement Campus, Mard-Abad Road, Karaj, Islamic Republic of Iran

Fred Gould, Department of Entomology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-7634

Robert Horsch, Rice Team, Monsanto, 700 Chesterfield Parkway North, Chesterfield, MO 63017 USA

Brian Johnson, Biotechnology Advisory Unit, c/o English Nature, Roughmoor, Bishop’s Hull, Taunton TA1 5AA, UK

Samuel B. Lehrer, Tulane University Medical Center, 1700 Perdido Street, Room 321 (SL-57), New Orleans, LA 70112 USA

Klaus M. Leisinger, Novartis Foundation for Sustainable Development, WRO-1002 11 59m /xg-4002 Basel, Switzerland

Josette Lewis, Biotechnology Adviser, U.S. Agency for International Development, Ronald Reagan Building, 1300 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D.C. 20523-2110 USA

Magdy Madkour, Agricultural Genetic Engineering Research Institute, Gaioa Street, Giza 12619, Cairo, Egypt

H. Malkawi, National Center for Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer, P.O. Box 639, Baga 19381, Jordan

Alexander McCalla, Rural Development Division, World Bank, 1818 H Street N.W., Washington, D.C. 20433 USA

Subash Morzaria, International Livestock Research Institute, P.O. Box 30709, Nairobi, Kenya

Miguel Munos, Centro de Investigacion en Biologia Celular y Molecular, Universidad de Costa Rica, San Jose, Costa Rica

Cyrus G. Ndiritu, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, P.O. Box 57811, Nairobi, Kenya

Vish Nene, international Livestock Research Institute, P.O. Box 30709, Nairobi, Kenya

Bongiwe Njobe-Mbuli, National Department of Agriculture, Private Bag x250, Pretoria 0001, Republic of South Africa

Agnes Odonyo, International Livestock Research Institute, P.O. Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Gabrielle J. Persley, Rural Development Department, World Bank, 1818 H Street N.W., Washington, D.C. 20433 USA

Per Pinstrup-Andersen, International Food Policy Research Institute, 2033 K Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20006 USA

Ed Rege, International Livestock Research Institute, P.O. Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

David L. Richer, AgrEvo U.K. Ltd., Chesterford Park, Saffron Walden, Essex CB10 1XL, England

Maria Jose Amstalden Sampaio, Embrapa, U.S. Plant, Soil and Nutrition Lab-ARS/USDA, Tower Road, Ithaca, NY 14853-2901 USA

Ismail Serageldin, Vice President, World Bank, 1818 H Street N.W., Washington, D.C. 20433 USA

Manju Sharma, Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology Block 2 (7th floor), CGO Complex, Lodi Road, New Delhi, 110 003, India

Ana Sittenfeld, Centro de Investigacion en Biologia Celular y Molecular, Universidad de Costa Rica, San Jose, Costa Rica

M.S. Swaminathan, M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation, Taramani, Chennai 600 113, India

Morakot Tanticharoen, National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, 73/1 Rama 6 Road, Ratchadevi, Bangkok 10400, Thailand

Alejandro Zamora, Centro de Investigacion en Biologia Celular y Molecular, Universidad de Costa Rica, San Jose, Costa Rica

Ercole Zerbini, International Livestock Research Institute South Asia Project at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, 502 324 AP, India

Qifa Zhang, Huazhongh Agricultural University, National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Wuhan 430070, China

Session Chairs:

Donald Winkelmann, CGIAR Technical Advisory Committee, Washington, D.C. USA

Ronald Cantrell, International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Philippines

Ruben Echeverria, Inter-American Development Bank, Washington, D.C., USA

Kanayo Nwanze, West Africa Rice Development Association, Cote d’Ivoire

Adel El-Beltagy, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Aleppo, Syria

Nina Fedoroff, Life Science Consortium and Biotechnology Institute, Pennsylvania State University, USA

Indra K. Vasil, Biotechnology Action Council, Unesco, and University of Florida, USA

Joel E. Cohen, Rockefeller University, USA

Calestous Juma, Center for International Development, Harvard University, USA

R. S. Paroda, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, India

Louise Fresco, Research, Extension and Training Division, FAO, Italy

Wanda Collins, Centro Internacional de la Papa, Peru

Rick Weiss, Science Reporter, The Washington Post, Washington, D.C., USA

Discussants:

Ana Sittenfeld, Universidad de Costa Rica, San Jose, Costa Rica

Val Giddings, Biotechnology Industry Organization, USA

Miguel Altieri, University of California, Berkeley, USA

Jean Halloran, Consumer Policy Institute, USA

James Maryanski, US Food and Drug Administration, USA

Bongiwe Njobe-Mbuli, Department of Agriculture, South Africa

Alain de Janvry, University of California, Berkeley, USA

Jean Marc von der Weid, Assessoria e Servicos a Projetos em Agricultura Alternativa, Brazil

Mark Sagoff, University of Maryland, USA

Geoffrey Hawtin, International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Italy

Villoo Morawala-Patell, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, India

Sam Dryden, Emergent Genetics, Inc., USA

Francisco Reifschneider, Embrapa, Brazil

Timothy Reeves, Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo, Mexico

Hope Shand, Rural Advancement Foundation International, USA

Carola Kaps, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Germany

G. Venkataramani, The Hindu, India

Walter P. von Wartburg, former Head of Corporate Communications, Novartis, Switzerland

Jagdish Patel, UK Food Group, UK

Rapporteurs:

Villoo Morawala-Patell, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore, India

Francisco Reifschneider, Embrapa, Brazil

Joseph Mukiibi, NARO, Uganda

Mohamed Roozitalab, Ministry of Agriculture, Iran

William Padolina, International Rice Research Institute, Philippines

Charlotte Kirk Baer, National Research Council/National Academy of Sciences, USA

Derek Byerlee, World Bank, Washington, D.C. USA

Selcuk Ozgediz, CGIAR Secretariat, Washington, D.C. USA

John Dodds, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, Syria

Gesa Horstkotte-Wesseler, World Bank, Washington, D.C. USA

Conference Rapporteur:

Gabrielle J. Persley, World Bank, Washington, D.C. USA