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close this bookAgricultural Biotechnology and the Poor (CGIAR, 2000, 248 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentFOREWORD
View the documentACKNOWLEDGMENTS
View the documentSECTION ONE: AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY AND THE POOR: PROMETHEAN SCIENCE - G. J. PERSLEY
close this folderSECTION TWO: SETTING THE SCENE
View the documentThe Challenge of Poverty in the 21st Century: The Role of Science - Ismail Serageldin
View the documentFeeding the Developing World in the Next Millennium: A Question of Science? - Alexander F. McCalla and Lynn R. Brown
View the documentGenetic Engineering and Food Security: Ecological and Livelihood Issues - M. S. Swaminathan
close this folderSECTION THREE: ANALYZING OPPORTUNITIES AND CONSTRAINTS IN SELECTED COUNTRIES
View the documentChina: Agricultural Biotechnology Opportunities to Meet the Challenges of Food Production - Qifa Zhang
View the documentIndia: Biotechnology Research and Development - Manju Sharma
View the documentPhilippines: Challenges, Opportunities, and Constraints in Agricultural Biotechnology - Reynaldo E. de la Cruz
View the documentThailand: Biotechnology for Farm Products and Agro-Industries - Morakot Tanticharoen
View the documentBrazil: Biotechnology and Agriculture to Meet the Challenges of Increased Food Production - Maria José Amstalden Sampaio
View the documentCosta Rica: Challenges and Opportunities in Biotechnology and Biodiversity - Ana Sittenfeld, Ana Mercedes Espinoza, Miguel Muñoz, and Alejandro Zamora
View the documentMexico: Ensuring Environmental Safety While Benefiting from Biotechnology - Ariel Alvarez-Morales
View the documentEgypt: Biotechnology from Laboratory to the Marketplace: Challenges and Opportunities - Magdy A. Madkour
View the documentIran: Hopes, Achievements, and Constraints in Agricultural Biotechnology - Behzad Ghareyazie
View the documentJordan: Status and Future Prospects of Biotechnology - Moh’d M. Ajlouni and H. Malkawi
View the documentKenya: Biotechnology in Africa: Why the Controversy? - Cyrus G. Ndiritu
View the documentSouth Africa: Biotechnology for Innovation and Development - Bongiwe Njobe-Mbuli
View the documentZimbabwe: Exploitation of Biotechnology in Agricultural Research - Christopher J. Chetsanga
close this folderSECTION FOUR: CONTROLLING ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS
View the documentScience-Based Risk Assessment for the Approval and Use of Plants in Agricultural and Other Environments - R. James Cook
View the documentGenetically Modified Crops and Other Organisms: Implications for Agricultural Sustainability and Biodiversity - Brian Johnson
View the documentSustainable Use of Genetically Modified Crops in Developing Countries - Fred Gould and Michael B. Cohen
close this folderSECTION FIVE: MINIMIZING HEALTH RISKS
View the documentPotential Health Risks of Genetically Modified Organisms: How Can Allergens be Assessed and Minimized? - Samuel B. Lehrer
close this folderSECTION SIX: MINIMIZING SOCIAL RISKS
View the documentModern Biotechnology for Food and Agriculture: Risks and Opportunities for the Poor - Per Pinstrup-Andersen and Marc J. Cohen
close this folderSECTION SEVEN: ETHICS AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
View the documentEthical Challenges of Agricultural Biotechnology for Developing Countries - Klaus M. Leisinger
close this folderSECTION EIGHT: PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTOR BIOTECHNOLOGY RESEARCH
View the documentEvolving Role of the Public and Private Sector in Agricultural Biotechnology for Developing Countries - Gerard Barry and Robert Horsch
View the documentGenomics Research: Prospects for Improving Livestock Productivity - Vishvanath Nene, Subhash Morzaria, Lyden Baker, Agnes Odonyo, Ed Rege, Ercole Zerbini, and Richard Bishop
View the documentLeveraging Partnerships Between the Public and Private Sector - Experience of USAID’s Agricultural Biotechnology Program - Josette Lewis
close this folderSECTION NINE: PROTECTING INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
View the documentIntellectual Property Protection: Who Needs It? - David L Richer
View the documentManaging Intellectual Property - Challenges and Responses for Agricultural Research Institutes - Joel I. Cohen
View the documentSECTION TEN: COMMUNICATING ABOUT BIOTECHNOLOGY AND ADDRESSING PUBLIC CONCERNS
close this folderSECTION ELEVEN: CONTRIBUTORS, ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
View the documentContributors
View the documentAcronyms and Abbreviations

Acronyms and Abbreviations

ARIPO

African Regional Intellectual Property Office

BIO

Biotechnology Industry Association

Bt

Bacillus thuringiensis

CBD

Convention on Biological Diversity

CGIAR

Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research

CIAT

Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CGIAR)

CSIR

Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (India)

DST

Department of Science and Technology (India)

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization of the U.N.

GFAR

Global Forum on Agricultural Research

GIO

Genetically improved organism

GPS

Geographic positioning system

GURT

Genetic use restriction technology

IARC

International agricultural research center

ICAR

Indian Council of Agricultural Research

ICMR

Indian Council of Medical Research

ICRISAT

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (CGIAR)

ICSU

International Council for Science

IFAD

International Fund for Agricultural Development

IFPRI

International Food Policy Research Institute (CGIAR)

ILRI

International Livestock Research Institute (CGIAR)

IPR

Intellectual property rights

IRRI

International Rice Research Institute (CGIAR)

KARI

Kenyan Agricultural Research Institute

MTA

Material transfer agreement

NARO

National agricultural research organization

NARS

National agricultural research system

NAS

U.S. National Academy of Science

OAPI

Organisation Africaine de la Propriete Intellectuelle (Yaounde)

OECD

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

PCR

Polymerase chain reaction

R&D

Research and development

RFLP

Restriction fragment length polymorphism

SADCC

Southern African Development Coordination Conference

TAC

Technical Advisory Committee (of the CGIAR)

TCDC

Technical Cooperation Among Developing Countries

TRIPS

Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

TWAS

Third World Academy of Sciences

UNDP

United Nations Development Programme

UNEP

United Nations Environment Programme

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

UNIDO

United Nations Industrial

UPLB

Development Organization University of the Philippines at Los Banos

UPOV

Union Internationale pour la Protection des Obtentions Vegetales (Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Crops)

USAID

U.S. Agency for International Development

USC

Union of Concerned Scientists

WARDA

West Africa Rice Development Association

WIPO

World Intellectual Property Organization

WTO

World Trade Organization

Secretariat
Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research
The World Bank
1818 H Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20433, USA
Telephone: 202.473.8951 Fax: 202.473.8110
www.cgiar.org