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close this bookSchool Health Education to Prevent AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) : Handbook for Curriculum Planners (UNESCO - WHO, 1994, 88 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAcknowledgments
close this folderA. Designing the programme
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentProgramme model
View the documentMaking a situation assessment
View the documentDefining the type of programme
View the documentSelecting objectives
View the documentMaking a curriculum plan
View the documentPlanning for material production
View the documentDeveloping the students’ activities
View the documentParticipation of parents and family members
View the documentInvolvement of peer leaders
View the documentDeveloping the teachers’ guide
View the documentValidating the curriculum
View the documentPlanning for teacher training
View the documentDesigning the programme evaluation
close this folderB. Sample materials for introducing the curriculum and for teacher training
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1. Checklist for focus group with students (situation assessment)
View the document2. Sample agenda for parent meeting
View the document3. Sample letter to parents
View the document4. Sample introduction to parent activities
View the document5. Sample instructions to parents
View the document6. Sample questions - student to parent
View the document7. Peer leader training guide
View the document8. Test items for student evaluation (with correct answers)
View the document9. Needs analysis for the teacher training programme
View the document10. Three-day teacher training agenda
View the document11. Teacher satisfaction with training workshop
close this folderC. Programme evaluation instruments
View the document1. Model pre-post test
View the document2. Additional questions for pre-post test
View the document3. Teacher feedback form
View the document4. Teacher interview
View the document5. Checklist for student focus group
View the document6. Parent interview
View the document7. Peer leader form and checklist for focus group
View the document8. School director’s interview

2. Additional questions for pre-post test

Your knowledge

Questions

T = True
F = False

1. People with AIDS die from serious illnesses.

T

2. Gonorrhoea is an example of a sexually transmitted disease.

T

3. HIV may be passed from a mother to her unborn child.

T

4. You may get HIV from sharing unsterilized needles for drugs, tattooing, and ear or nose piercing.

T

5. You may get HIV by drinking from the same glass that a person with AIDS has used.

F

6. You may get HIV by eating food prepared by someone who has HIV or AIDS.

F

7. The best method of protection against HIV and STD is to abstain from sexual intercourse.

T

8. Some methods of protection against HIV or STD are better than others.

T

9. The birth control pill protects from HIV or STD.

F

10. There is no way to find out if you are infected with HIV.

F

11. AIDS can be cured if you are given medicines early enough.

F

12. Vaseline is a good lubricant to use with a condom.

F

13. Lubricated condoms break more often than those that are not lubricated.

F

14. If a condom slips off the penis, into the female vagina, she will become sick.

F

15. It is safe to have sex just once without a condom.

F

16. Being compassionate to a person with AIDS is dangerous because there is a good chance you will become infected with HIV.

F

17. People with AIDS should be encouraged to do as much as they can for themselves.

T

18. People with AIDS, who are upset, should be encouraged to cry or be angry.

T

23. You may get HIV from sharing injecting needles and syringes for use of drugs.

T

24. You may get HIV by cutting your skin with an unsterilized razor blade or other sharp instrument that was used by someone else.

T

25. You may get HIV from toilet seats.

P

26. You may get HIV from wearing clothes that have been worn by another person with HIV.

F

27. A person who has an STD is at greater risk of getting HIV.

T

28. There is evidence that HIV can be spread by some types of insects.

F

29. There is no way to kill HIV on a drug injecting needle or syringe.

F

30. Once you are infected with HIV, you are infected for life.

T

31. Only a person who is sick with AIDS can give HIV to others.

F

32. A person can have a negative test for HIV and still be infected with HIV.

T

33. People infected with HIV are usually very thin and sickly.

F

34. The time from being infected with HIV to getting AIDS can be as short as 6 months to as long as 10 years or more.

T

35. There are drugs available that can help prolong the life of a person with AIDS.

T

36. A reason to get tested for HIV is so that you will not infect others.

T

37. The test for HIV looks for HIV antibodies.

T

38. Men and women often have very different thoughts about sexual intercourse.

T

Attitudes

Instructions: Read each statement, and circle A if you agree, circle NS if you are not sure, or circle D if you disagree.


Agree

Not Sure

Disagree

1. It is a good idea for teenagers to delay having sex until they are older or married.

A

NS

D

2. A person does not have to feel bad about delaying or refusing sex.

A

NS

D

3. If I chose to, I could easily abstain from having sexual intercourse.

A

NS

D

4. I would be too embarrassed to use a condom.

A

NS

D

5. I would be too embarrassed to buy a condom.

A

NS

D

6. Using shared instruments (razors, knives) to cut the skin is alright if you do it only once or twice.

A

NS

D

7. A person who has AIDS should not be allowed to eat lunch with other students.

A

NS

D

8. I would stay away from someone in my class who had someone in their family with AIDS.

A

NS

D

9. People who have AIDS are getting what they deserve.

A

NS

D

10. I would be comfortable caring for someone who had AIDS.

A

NS

D

11. I feel we should do more to help people who have AIDS.

A

NS

D

12. I don’t like it when friends talk me into doing things I know are dangerous.

A

NS

D

13. I think it is alright to accept gifts or presents from people I do not know.

A

NS

D

14. I would get tested if I thought I might have HIV.

A

NS

D

15. If I wanted, I would be able to be affectionate without having sexual intercourse.

A

NS

D

16. I am an assertive person.

A

NS

D

17. I try to support my friends when they do something that is healthy.

A

NS

D

18. If I were using drug injecting needles I would clean them with bleach.

A

NS

D

Scoring procedure for attitude items

Question

Scoring key

Question

Scoring key

1

A = 3, NS = 2, D = 1

10

A = 3, NS = 2, D = 1

2

A = 3, NS = 2, D = 1

11

A = 3, NS = 2, D = 1

3

A = 3, NS = 2, D = 1

12

A = 3, NS = 2, D = 1

4

A = 1, NS = 2, D = 3

13

A = 1, NS = 2, D = 3

5

A = 1, NS = 2, D = 3

14

A = 3, NS = 2, D = 1

6

A = 1, NS = 2, D = 3

15

A = 3, NS = 2, D = 1

7

A = 1, NS = 2, D = 3

16

A = 3, NS = 2, D = 1

8

A = 1, NS = 2, D = 3

17

A = 3, NS = 2, D = 1

9

A = 1, NS = 2, D = 3

18

A = 3, NS = 2, D = 1

Higher scores on each item reflect positive attitudes.

Overall attitude scores and scores on each attitude will be analyzed and the results from experimental and control groups, compared.

Skills

1. You are at a celebration where some of your friends are drinking alcohol. They want you to join them and are pressuring you to do so. If you did not want to join your friends in drinking, how confident are you that you could refuse?

Very confident

Somewhat confident

Not at all confident

2. It is a Sunday afternoon, and you have been putting off your chores and homework all weekend. You have got enough work to fill the rest of the day. Your best friend calls to invite you to go to a movie that you have both been wanting to see. If you did not want to go with your friend, how confident are you that you could refuse?

Very confident

Somewhat confident

Not at all confident

3. You are with a group of friends. One friend brings equipment to inject drugs. Some of your friends join in and seem to be having a great time. They urge you to join them. You know that sharing needles to inject drugs is an easy way to get infected with HIV. If you did not want to join your friends in injecting drugs, how confident are you that you could refuse?

Very confident

Somewhat confident

Not at all confident

4. You find yourself alone in a deserted area with a boy you thought was quite nice. Suddenly he is saying things and touching you in a way that makes you feel very uncomfortable. He begins to pressure you to have sex with him. If you do not want to have sex with him, how confident are you that you could refuse and get out of the situation?

Very confident

Somewhat confident

Not at all confident

5. You have been going with a boy for some time now and you have decided to have sex with him. One evening, when the two of you are alone, the opportunity for sex occurs. You even have a condom because you do not want to get HIV. However, your boyfriend becomes very upset and angry at you for thinking that he would use a condom. If you definitely do not want to have sex without a condom, how confident are you that you could refuse?

Very confident

Somewhat confident

Not at all confident

6. You have selected a package of condoms and now must pay for them. As you get near the counter to pay for them, you notice the shop assistant is someone of the opposite sex. If you really wanted those condoms, how confident are you that you would still be able to buy them?

Very confident

Somewhat confident

Not at all confident

7. You do not have money to buy a condom but you have heard that you can get them free at the local health centre. If you wanted to use a condom, how confident would you be to go to the health centre for condoms?

Very confident

Somewhat confident

Not at all confident