|The Courier N° 122 July - August 1990 - Dossier Tourism - Country Report: Mali (EC Courier, 1990, 104 p.)|
|Yves Roland - Billecart, Chairman, of Air Afrique|
|Lomé IV - Assent from the European Parliament ...and an appeal to do better|
|General conditions of EDF contracts|
|The image of EEC aid a painful truth|
|Counterpart funds: a force for good and ill|
|Mali: (R)evolution in the rural world|
|Interview with Président Moussa Traoré|
|Interview with Dr. NGolo Traoré, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation|
|Nomads who refuse to die out|
|EEC - Mali cooperation|
|Creating an entrepreneurial class|
|Special Ministerial Conference on sugar|
|ACP - Regional cooperation|
|EEC - Pacific Ministers meet for the third time|
|A more dynamic and responsible approach to regional cooperation|
|Ruzizi II - a fine example of regional cooperation|
|Europes regional or minority languages|
|Tourism: planning, promotion and marketing|
|Air transport and tourism: industry potentiaI to be denied?|
|Tourism and employment behind the scenes|
|The tourism sector and Lomé IV|
|Overcoming the socio - culturaI and environmental impacts of tourism - the verdict for the Caribbean|
|Links between tourism, agriculture and the environment|
|The health/tourism interaction|
|Tourism in Africa: an expanding industry|
|Zimbabwe: a wide range of attractions and a booming tourist trade|
|The Caribbean - Far greater dependence on tourism likely|
|EEC - Caribbean cooperation on tourism|
|Tourism in the South Pacific - A significant development potential|
|Tourism as a development concept in the South Pacific|
|The Pendjari National Park - what a project can achieve|
|Problem youngsters from France at work camp in Burkina Faso|
|Building dories in the Third World|
|Culture and the arts|
|Three ACP - EEC cuItural events: architecture, history, music|
|River Niger, Black Mother|
|Appropriate mechanisation for African agriculture|
|The Couriers mailbag|
|The Convention at work|
|ACP National Authorising Officers meet for the second time|
|Textiles in GATT: the Community makes its proposals|
|Aid for the countries of Asia and Latin America|
|ESPRIT: new projects launched for a total cost of ECU 690 million|
Area: 1 241 238 km²
Population (1987): 7.696 million (46 % under 15).
Growth rate: 2.7% p. a.(1982 - 87).
Literacy rate: 19.4 %
Educational coverage: 27%
Capital: Bamako (approximately 800 000 inhabitants).
Main towns: Su, Mopti, Kayes and Sikasso.
Independence: 22 September 1960.
President of the Republic: General Moussa Traorelected by universal suffrage in 1979.
Constitution of June 1974: A President of the Republic, a single party (the UDPM), a national assembly and a civil government.
Official language: French.
Agriculture: Main products (1988 - 89):
millet and sorghum:
1 275 000 tonnes
289 000 t
202 000 t
112 000 t
sugar cane, dah and vegetables.
Livestock: Approximately 4.7 million head of cattle, 11 million sheep and goats and 231 000 camels.
Fisheries: Approximately 100 000 t fresh fish p.a.e
GDP 1989 (current prices): CFAF 641.8 billion.
Real growth of GDP: 1989: 9.9% 1985 - 89: 5.6 %
Contribution to GDP: Agriculture: 49%; Secondary sector: 12%; Tertiary sector: 34%.
Trade balance (19X9): Negative balance of CFAF 69.9 billion.
Balance of payments (1989): CFAF 18.9 billion.
External debt (end 1988): CFAF 727 billion.
Debt servicing as a percentage of exported goods and services (1989): 29.1 %.