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close this bookIndigenous Technology Knowledge for Watershed Management in upper North-West Himalayas of India (PWMTA, 1998)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
close this folderChapter 1 - Bio-physical and socio-economic set up in the Indian Upper Himalayas
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentCold deserts in Western Himalayas
View the documentBio-physical features
View the documentSocio-economic features
View the documentTemperate Zone in Western Himalayas
View the documentBio-physical features
View the documentSocio-economic features
close this folderChapter 2 - Soil and water management techniques
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentSources of irrigation water
View the documentConstruction of kuhls (water channels)
View the documentDistribution of kuhl water in fields
View the documentUse of kuhl water for running water mills
View the documentMethods of irrigation
View the documentWater harvesting methods
View the documentMoisture conservation through mulching
View the documentDrainage
View the documentUse of smoke for protecting fruit crops from frost damage
View the documentSoil management
View the documentSoil fertility management
View the documentUse of ash in Ladakh
close this folderChapter 3 - Forestry and agro-forestry management practices
View the documentSilviculture
View the documentKatha extraction
View the documentAgri-silviculture
View the documentPlantation crop combination
View the documentLarge cardamom based agroforestry system
View the documentBamboo groves as a component of agriculture holdings (Agri-silviculture)
View the documentMultipurpose trees on the crop land
View the documentPrivate and community fodder wood blocks
View the documentSeabuckthorn: Potential resource
close this folderChapter 4 - Livestock and fodder management
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentMigration of flocks of sheep and goats
View the documentTraditional management practices adopted by Gaddi Shepherds
View the documentGrazing in higher reaches for Pashmina Wool
View the documentTraditional methods of animal treatment herbal treatment
View the documentEthnopharmaceutical care of cattle
View the documentSustained livestock/animal husbandry
View the documentHay/dry grass storage in fields
View the documentTraditional wool combing and spinning
close this folderChapter 5 - Folk agronomy
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPrioritisation of crop sowing
View the documentMixed cropping
View the documentRotational farming
View the documentCrop threshing employing animals
View the documentUse of yak and bullocks for ploughing
View the documentTraditional germplasm of agricultural crops
View the documentUniform seed broadcasting and appropriate seed rate
View the documentRice dehusking
View the documentWeeding, strengthening, thinning and gap filling in maize crop
View the documentCrushing of coriander seeds with shoe before sowing
View the documentCrop harvesting on slopy lands
View the documentSeed selection for higher productivity
View the documentDistribution of organic manure
View the documentMinimum tillage (mechanical and biological practices for soil management)
View the documentDividing the fields into sub-plots
View the documentLanduse for optimum resource management
View the documentITK for vegetable cultivation
View the documentITK for horticultural crops
close this folderChapter 6 - Plant protection practices
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPloughing, hoeing and basin preparation
View the documentHand picking of pests
View the documentCow-dung and clay mixture
View the documentPruning of fruit trees
View the documentUse of wood ash on and around vegetable crops
View the documentBeating drums and using domestic dogs for combating the menace of birds and monkeys
View the documentKerosene oil for killing borers
View the documentUse of walnut and swetflag leaves against pests in stored grains
View the documentIndigenous beekeeping practices
close this folderChapter 7 - Post-harvest management of food crops
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCleaning of grains
View the documentPackaging of food commodities
View the documentStorage of food commodities
View the documentWheat in Chhota Bhangal (Kangra)
View the documentDrying of fruit and vegetables
View the documentDistilled country liquor
View the documentTraditional apple plucking
close this folderChapter 8 - Weather forecasting
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentHistory of indigenous rain making
View the documentITK for weather prediction
View the documentSocial and cultural beliefs
close this folderChapter 9 - Tools and implements
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentTillage implements
View the documentInterculture operation tools
View the documentHarvesting tools:
View the documentPostharvest tools and implements
View the documentMiscellaneous tools
View the documentGlossary of local terms
View the documentAcknowledgements