|Better Farming Series 27 - FreshWater Fish Farming: How to Begin (FAO, 1979, 43 p.)|
|Harvesting your fish|
91. Do not take any fish out of your pond during the first five months. After five months you may catch four or five big fish each week to eat with your family.
92. When the fish are big enough, it is time to harvest all of them. Usually, they will be big enough to harvest in about six months.
93. Harvest the fish early in the morning when it is cool.
94. Have some watertight containers ready to store live fish.
95. The easiest way to harvest is by draining the water out of the pond.
Draining the water out
96. Drain the pond by opening the bank at the deep end.
97. Use a screen at the outlet while you are draining so that you will not lose any fish.
98. Use baskets or nets to take the fish out of the water while the pond is being drained.
99. As soon as you find baby fish, put them gently into containers with clean water.
Put the baby fish into containers
100. You will need these baby fish to put back into your pond to begin again. Baby fish are the fish farmer's seed.
101. Keep them in clean water, out of the sun, and move the water around gently with your hand from time to time.
102. If it takes more than half a day to make your pond ready to put back the baby fish, you should keep them alive in a special small pond nearby.
103. The small pond can be a simple hole in the ground about two metres square. You should have it ready before you begin to harvest.
Use a little pond
104. When moving your baby fish from one pond to the other, be very careful not to hurt them.
105. You will harvest from your pond many big fish.
Harvest big fish
106. Fish spoil quickly after they die. Be ready to use them fresh the same day or to preserve them for later use.
107. Use fish to feed yourself and your family. Fish is very good for you and for your children. The smaller your family is the more fish each of you will have to eat.
108. You can sell part of your harvest to neighbours or at the market, either fresh or preserved.
109. To transport fresh fish to market, you should:
· rinse them well in clear water
· put them in a clean and dry container
· cover them with fresh leaves or a mat, and
· keep them out of the sun.
110. A fresh fish will keep better if you remove its guts and rinse it with clean water.
Remove the guts
111. To preserve the fish you cannot sell or eat quickly, dry them in the sun,
Dry the fish in the sun
or smoke them.
Smoke the fish
112. By putting some salt on your fish while you are drying or smoking them you will preserve your fish better.