How to use this handbook
This training handbook on THE COUNCILLOR, AS NEGOTIATOR, like
other handbooks in the series, can be used in several ways.
The essay that opens this handbook is intended for
self-instruction. All you need is a quiet place to think, some time, and
something to write with. For best results, we encourage you to write down your
answers to the questions raised from time to time in the essay. The learning
value of the information is multiplied many times for the reader who takes the
time to do this.
Work shop training
The trainer's notes and exercise materials in this handbook are
intended for use by experienced trainers in a training workshop for councillors
from different local governments. We have included various types of learning
activities and formats to provide trainers with considerable flexibility in
adapting a workshop to the specific needs of participating councillors. It has
been our intention in developing this handbook to encourage you to incorporate
your own experiences as a trainer to heighten the learning value of these
training materials for participating councillors.
As a trainer, you may decide to use the materials in the
handbook in the exact order and manner presented. If you prefer, however, you
may rearrange or modify the materials as needed to meet the objectives of a
particular training situation. You may choose to offer three hours of training
by using key exercises and activities included in the handbook. Or you may take
advantage of the many materials in the handbook supplemented by content of your
own to extend the length of the programme to a full day.
This handbook is one of 12 in a series for training in elected
leadership. You might decide or be requested to provide a workshop that requires
you to use more than one or all of these handbooks over a longer period of time.
While each handbook can be used independently of the others, their use in
sequence can provide a powerful unified learning experience for participating
These materials also can be used, preferably with the assistance
of an experienced trainer/facilitator, to improve the performance of councillors
who serve together on the same governing body. When training councillors who
serve together, we believe the facilitator must be prepared to organize the
training activities in this handbook in different ways. There may be occasions
where you, as facilitator, will choose to add new activities depending on the
situation and the characteristics of the group. We hope in situations like these
you will view this handbook as a tool kit containing many optional
training ideas to be mixed and matched, modified or abandoned, as suggested by
You have many options to choose from with these training
handbooks. We hope you take full advantage of