Whether for developing and implementing an entire emergency
preparedness programme or for conducting a vulnerability assessment or emergency
planning project, project management methods are often required. These methods
are used to ensure that the project is:
- appropriate (it sets out to do something
- effective (it achieves the required results);
(it is completed on time and with the available resources).
Project management methods are not an end in themselves and
project management should not take over a project. Any project has a series of
inputs and processes that produce outputs, which result in outcomes.
Inputs include peoples time and energy; their perceptions
of vulnerability and of emergency management requirements; money and resources;
and commitment and perseverance. Processes, in this instance, are the processes
of emergency preparedness. Outputs include:
- an understanding of the hazards and their likely
- a community that is aware of these hazards and of its
- people who are aware of their responsibilities in emergency
prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery;
- commitment to an emergency plan;
- enhanced emergency preparedness.
The outcomes of appropriate and effective emergency preparedness
are the improved protection of life, property, and the environment, and the
ability to sustain development.
There are three major parts to project management: project
definition; project planning; and project implementation (13). These are
described in Annex