Cover Image
close this bookCommunity Emergency Preparedness: A Manual for Managers and Policy-Makers (WHO, 1999, 141 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
View the documentAcknowledgements
close this folderChapter 1 Introduction
View the documentDecision-making for emergency preparedness
View the documentWhat is emergency preparedness?
View the documentCommunity participation
View the documentProject management
View the documentSummary
View the documentReferences
close this folderChapter 2 Policy development
View the documentPolicy
View the documentEmergency preparedness policy
View the documentIssues in emergency management policy
View the documentSummary
View the documentReference
close this folderChapter 3 Vulnerability assessment
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe process of vulnerability assessment
View the documentThe planning group
View the documentHazard identification
View the documentHazard description
View the documentDescribing the community
View the documentDescription of effects and vulnerability
View the documentHazard prioritization
View the documentRecommending action
View the documentSummary
View the documentReferences
close this folderChapter 4 Emergency planning
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentAn emergency planning process
View the documentPlanning group review
View the documentPotential problem analysis
View the documentResource analysis
View the documentRoles and responsibilities
View the documentManagement structure
View the documentStrategies and systems
View the documentContent of community emergency plans
View the documentSummary
View the documentReferences
close this folderChapter 5 Training and education
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentA systematic approach to training
View the documentPublic education
View the documentSummary
View the documentReferences
close this folderChapter 6 Monitoring and evaluation
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentProject management
View the documentChecklists
View the documentExercises
View the documentSummary
close this folderAnnexes
View the documentAnnex 1 - Project management
View the documentAnnex 2 - Hazard description tables
View the documentAnnex 3 - Emergency preparedness checklists
View the documentAnnex 4 - Personal protection in different types of emergencies
View the documentSelected WHO publications of related interest

Summary

· Globally, the number of disasters is increasing with growing community vulnerability.

· Inappropriate humanitarian assistance can lead to reduced development assistance, increased community vulnerability, and further social crisis.

· Community vulnerability is a function of susceptibility and resilience.

· Vulnerability reduction can decrease the risk of emergencies and disasters by:

- decreasing susceptibility (emergency prevention and mitigation);
- increasing resilience (emergency preparedness).

· Vulnerability reduction also requires policy development and vulnerability assessment.

· Vulnerability reduction can protect and enhance development.

· Emergency management can be described by:

- the comprehensive approach;
- the all-hazards approach;
- the multisectoral and intersectoral approach.

· The aims of civil protection, humanitarian action, and emergency management are very similar, and the same preparedness processes can be used for each. The health sector plays a key role, regardless of the system adopted by a country.

· Emergency preparedness is required at every level within a country, particularly at the community level.

· Community participation in emergency preparedness is essential for its success.

· Emergency preparedness processes can be used for any community, organization, or activity.

· Emergency preparedness should be developed to suit the context of the community.

· An emergency preparedness programme should be guided by project management methods.