|Initial Environmental Assessment: Plant Protection - Series no 13 (NORAD, 1995)|
|Part I: General account|
|1 Characteristics of plant protection projects|
|1.2 Weeds and pests and their properties|
|1.3 Project categories|
|1.4 Chemical pesticides and their properties|
|1.5 Activities connected to the use of chemical pesticides|
|1.6 Non-chemical plant protection methods|
|2 The environment affected by the project|
|2.1 Natural environmental conditions|
|2.2 Man-made environmental conditions|
|3 Possible environ mental impacts|
|3.1 Unintended spreading by air|
|3.2 Unintended spreading on or through the soil|
|3.3 Pollution of water|
|3.4 Impacts of slow degradation in the soil|
|3.5 Impacts on flora, fauna and vulnerable ecosystems|
|3.6 Health problems|
|3.7 Impacts on local communities, traditional ways of life and utilisation of natural resources|
|4 Relevant literature|
|Part II: Documentation requirements for initial environmental assessment|
|1 Project description|
|2 Description of the environment|
|Will the project|
Agruello, Sandramaria Sanchez, 1990: "The utilisation of agrochemicals in Nicaragua and their effect on the environment and human health" NORAD, Managua.
Croft, B.A., 1990: "Arthropod biological control agents and pesticides", Wiley, New York.
Hance, R.J. & Holly, K (eds.), 1990: "Weed Control Handbook: Principles", Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.
Hill, D.S. & Waller, J.M., 1988: "Pests and Diseases of Tropical Crops. Vol. 1-2", Longman, London and New York.
Kreuger, R.F. & Seiber, J. N (eds.), 1984: "Treatment and Disposal of Pesticide Wastes", ACS Symposium series 259, Washington DC.
Thurston, H.D., 1984. "Tropical Plant Diseases" American Phytopathological Society, St.Paul, Minnesota, USA.
The World Bank: "Environmental Assessment Sourcebook. Volume II & III", 1991.