The aspects included in the following checklist must be
commented on. In case the problem is irrelevant, this must be substantiated. If
the listed effects can be expected, their extent or degree should be estimated.
Compare with Part I of this booklet if some questions should be unclear. One
should be aware that questionnaire checklists like this are not always 100%
comprehensive with regard to all the environmental questions which can be
relevant to ask. It may therefore be useful to compare the use of the checklist
to the use of other analytic tools for project assessment, like e.g. logical
framework analysis, gender analysis, assessments of socio-cultural and
socio-economic conditions, as well as assessment of choice of technology and
existing institutional conditions. This approach may also be necessary to secure
an integrated approach to the assessment of the project.
It is necessary to specify which groups of the population will
be affected by the different types of direct or indirect environmental impacts.
A rough division can be as follows:
· The project's target group.
This is the group of the population which one expects will benefit directly from
the project. This group may, however, also be subject to certain negative
· The remaining local
population. This group will not benefit from the project in any primary way,
although both positive and negative consequences may be experienced.
· Resettled population groups.
These are groups of the population who either settle in the area or move away
from it as a result of the project or the development initiated by it.
Within these three groups it may also be relevant to specify if
the environmental impacts can be related to specific parts of the population,
such as low-income groups, indigenous groups, etc., combined with a further
specification of gender and age within these