Cover Image
close this bookAsbestos Overview and Handling Recommendations (GTZ, 1996)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAcknowledgments
View the documentPreface
close this folderPart I. Introduction
View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. Structure
View the document3. Definition of terms
close this folderPart II. Asbestos
close this folder1. Introductory part: Asbestos - Deposits, uses, types, characteristics
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1.1 Types, deposits, and uses of Asbestos, chemical structure
View the document1.2 Mineralogical and mechanical properties of Asbestos
View the document1. 3 Analytical methods of determining Asbestos fibers
close this folder2. Legal regulations for the production, introduction to the market and use of Asbestos containing materials and Asbestos products
View the document(introduction...)
View the document2.1 Federal Republic of Germany
View the document2.2 Directives of the European Community
View the document2.3 United States of America
View the document2.4 Standards in other countries (incl. developing countries)
View the document2. 5 International standards: International Labor Organization
close this folder3. Environmental aspects and health hazards due to Asbestos
View the document3.1 Introduction
View the document3.2 Asbestosis
View the document3.3 Mesothelioma
View the document3.4 Other health hazards
View the document3.5 Risk determination
close this folder4. Application areas of Asbestos materials and Asbestos products
View the document4. 1 Introduction
View the document4.2 The meaning of composite fibrous materials
View the document4.3 Asbestos in the building construction area
close this folder5. Occupational safety measures in handling Asbestos
View the document(introduction...)
View the document5.1 Suitable fiber binding
View the document5.2 Wet operations
View the document5.3 Enclosure
View the document5.4 Vacuuming of dust near the point of origin
View the document5.5 Limiting the areas in which Asbestos dust may arise
View the document5.6 Personal respiratory protection
View the document5.7 Regular and thorough cleaning of workplaces
View the document5.8 Dust-free waste collection and landfill disposal
close this folder6 Aspects of Asbestos abatement and disposal of Asbestos containing materials
View the document(introduction...)
View the document6.1 Evaluation guidelines on the urgency of abatement
View the document6.2 Asbestos abatement techniques
View the document6.3 Disposal of Asbestos containing materials
close this folderPart III. Asbestos substitutes
View the document1. Technical requirements for Asbestos substitutes
View the document2 Properties of typical Asbestos fiber substitutes - Overview
close this folder3 Fiber substitutes for Asbestos fibers in the building area
View the document(introduction...)
View the document3.1 Non-textile fibers made of glass wool rock wool and mineral wool as well as ceramic wools
View the document3.2 Wollastonite
View the document3.3 Cellulose fibers
View the document3.4 Polyacrylnitril
View the document3.5 Polyvinylalcohol (PVA)
View the document3.6 Polypropylene (PP)
View the document3. 7 Summary
close this folder4 Fiber-free substitutes in construction area
View the document4.1 Fiber-free substitutes in housing construction
View the document4.2 Fiber-free substitutes in water mains construction
close this folderPart IV Country analysis
View the document1. Introduction
View the document2 Asbestos in developing countries
View the document3 Use and effects of Asbestos cements in developing countries
close this folder4 Country profiles
View the document4.1 Australia
View the document4.2 Chile
View the document4.3 Republic of China
View the document4.4 India
View the document4.5 Israel
View the document4.6 South Africa
View the document4.7 Tunisia
View the document4.8 USA
close this folder5 Summary
View the document5.1 Economic Implication
View the document5.2 Legislation
View the document5.3 Research and Development
View the document5.4 Substitutes
View the document5.5 Risk philosophy
close this folderPart V Development of handling recommendations
View the document1. Introduction.
close this folder2 Overview of rules of other donor organizations and financial institutions on the management of Asbestos problems
View the document(introduction...)
View the document2.1 World bank
View the document2.2 International Asbestos association (IAA), Paris
View the document2.3 European bank for reconstruction and development (EBRD), London
View the document2.4 European investment bank (EIB)
View the document2.5 International bank for reconstruction and development (IBRD)
View the document2.6 Asian development bank Bangkok (ADB) - no guidelines
View the document2.7 African development bank, Nairobi
View the document2.8 UNEP - United Notions Environmental Program, Washington
View the document3 Risk philosophy
View the document4 Design of a catalogue of recommendations on the management of Asbestos in plans for joint developmental/political projects
View the documentPart Vl Literature
close this folderPart VII Annexes
View the documentAnnex 1: Maps on the deposits of Asbestos, Asbestos consumption and commercial trade of raw Asbestos
View the documentAnnex 2: Health and safety data sheet for Asbestos cement in UK
View the documentAnnex 3: Asbestos fiber emissions from particular processes
View the documentAnnex 4: US Federal Regulations for Asbestos
View the documentAnnex 5: Commercial names of Asbestos containing products
View the documentAnnex 6: Advantages and disadvantages of Asbestos abatement methods
View the documentAnnex 7: Asbestos data from the environmental handbook Vol. III: Compendium of environmental standards
View the documentAnnex 8: Questionnaire on country profiles regarding Asbestos


Kreditonstalt fderaufbau

Kreditanstalt fderaufbau (KfW) was founded by law in 1948 as a corporation under public law domiciled in Frankfurt am Main. Its function is that of a promotional bank for the domestic economy and a development bank for the economies of the developing countries. Its capital is DM I billion, of which 80% is held by the Federal Government and 20% by the governments of the Federal Lander. Under the Financial Cooperation of the German Federal Government with developing countries KfW finances investments and project-related consultancy service to develop economic and social infrastructure, private sector investment and, to a growing proportion, projects to protect the environment and natural resources. KfW appraises the eligibility of projects for promotion in regard to developmental aspects, assists the partner countries in implementing them, and conducts a final evaluation of their success.

Deutsche Gesellschaft fhnische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH

The government-owned GTZ operates in the field of technical cooperation. 2200 German experts are working together with partners from about 100 countries of Africa, Asia and Latin America in projects covering practically every sector of agriculture, forestry, economic development, social services and institutional and material infrastructure. The GTZ is commissioned to do this work both by the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany and by other government and semi-government authorities.


GATE (German Appropriate Technology Exchange), a programme of the Deutsche Gesellschaft fhnische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, acts as a centre for the dissemination and promotion of appropriate technologies for developing countries.
The Information and Advisory Service on Appropriate Technology (ISAT), was established as a section of GATE, in 1991. It has at its disposal the full range of services the GTZ offers, and is financed through the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). ISAT spezializes in a large variety of appropriate technologies for developing countries, whereby the technologies that ISAT focusses on principally include those which:

· help satisty basic needs,
· make efficient and environmentally sound use of locally available resources,
· mobilize existing skills and promote self-help,
· extend user's scope for action and promote independent action.

ISAT offers its services (question-and-answer service, various types of publications and films) to German development co-operation organizations as well as organizations and individuals in developing countries. Requests for literature and documentation on specific areas of appropriate technology can be addressed to ISAT.

Deutsches Zentrum fur Entwicklungstechnologien GATE in: Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH

P.O. Box 51 80
D-65726 Eschborn
Federal Republic of Germany
Telephon: (061 96) 79-0
Telex: 41523-0 gtz d
Fax: (06196) 79 73 52

ERM Umwelt Consult Rhein-Main-Neckar GmbH is a member of Environmental Resources Management (ERM) Europe and the ERM International Group. ERM serves as an international environmental consultancy to industry and the public sector and has offices at more than 90 locations worldwide. ERM's experience includes provision of comprehensive Asbestos reviews for the World Bank and the Deutsche Kreditanstalt fderaufbau.

Cover: Chrysotile Asbestos fibres (Photograph: TRW Deutschland GmbH, Scanning Electron Microscopy, Magnitude: 1000)

Die Deutsche Bibliothek - ClP-Einheitsaufnahme

Asbestos: overview and handling recommendations/commissioned by the Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Eschborn. In cooperation with Kreditanstalt fderaufbau, Frankfurt/Main. On behalf of Bundesministerium ftschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ). Bonn. - Braunschweig: Vieweg, 1996 ISBN 3-528-0231 8-X NE: Deutsche Gesellschaft fhnische Zusammenarbeit <Eschborn>

The author's opinion does not necessarily represent the view of the publisher.

All rights reserved
(c) Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Eschborn 1996

Published by Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Braunschweig/Wiesbaden

Vieweg is a subsidiary company of the Bertelsmann Professional Information.

Printed in Germany by Lengericher Handelsdruckerei, Lengerich

ISBN 3-528-0231 8-X