Cover Image
close this bookAsbestos Overview and Handling Recommendations (GTZ, 1996)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAcknowledgments
View the documentPreface
close this folderPart I. Introduction
View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. Structure
View the document3. Definition of terms
close this folderPart II. Asbestos
close this folder1. Introductory part: Asbestos - Deposits, uses, types, characteristics
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View the document1.1 Types, deposits, and uses of Asbestos, chemical structure
View the document1.2 Mineralogical and mechanical properties of Asbestos
View the document1. 3 Analytical methods of determining Asbestos fibers
close this folder2. Legal regulations for the production, introduction to the market and use of Asbestos containing materials and Asbestos products
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View the document2.1 Federal Republic of Germany
View the document2.2 Directives of the European Community
View the document2.3 United States of America
View the document2.4 Standards in other countries (incl. developing countries)
View the document2. 5 International standards: International Labor Organization
close this folder3. Environmental aspects and health hazards due to Asbestos
View the document3.1 Introduction
View the document3.2 Asbestosis
View the document3.3 Mesothelioma
View the document3.4 Other health hazards
View the document3.5 Risk determination
close this folder4. Application areas of Asbestos materials and Asbestos products
View the document4. 1 Introduction
View the document4.2 The meaning of composite fibrous materials
View the document4.3 Asbestos in the building construction area
close this folder5. Occupational safety measures in handling Asbestos
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View the document5.1 Suitable fiber binding
View the document5.2 Wet operations
View the document5.3 Enclosure
View the document5.4 Vacuuming of dust near the point of origin
View the document5.5 Limiting the areas in which Asbestos dust may arise
View the document5.6 Personal respiratory protection
View the document5.7 Regular and thorough cleaning of workplaces
View the document5.8 Dust-free waste collection and landfill disposal
close this folder6 Aspects of Asbestos abatement and disposal of Asbestos containing materials
View the document(introduction...)
View the document6.1 Evaluation guidelines on the urgency of abatement
View the document6.2 Asbestos abatement techniques
View the document6.3 Disposal of Asbestos containing materials
close this folderPart III. Asbestos substitutes
View the document1. Technical requirements for Asbestos substitutes
View the document2 Properties of typical Asbestos fiber substitutes - Overview
close this folder3 Fiber substitutes for Asbestos fibers in the building area
View the document(introduction...)
View the document3.1 Non-textile fibers made of glass wool rock wool and mineral wool as well as ceramic wools
View the document3.2 Wollastonite
View the document3.3 Cellulose fibers
View the document3.4 Polyacrylnitril
View the document3.5 Polyvinylalcohol (PVA)
View the document3.6 Polypropylene (PP)
View the document3. 7 Summary
close this folder4 Fiber-free substitutes in construction area
View the document4.1 Fiber-free substitutes in housing construction
View the document4.2 Fiber-free substitutes in water mains construction
close this folderPart IV Country analysis
View the document1. Introduction
View the document2 Asbestos in developing countries
View the document3 Use and effects of Asbestos cements in developing countries
close this folder4 Country profiles
View the document4.1 Australia
View the document4.2 Chile
View the document4.3 Republic of China
View the document4.4 India
View the document4.5 Israel
View the document4.6 South Africa
View the document4.7 Tunisia
View the document4.8 USA
close this folder5 Summary
View the document5.1 Economic Implication
View the document5.2 Legislation
View the document5.3 Research and Development
View the document5.4 Substitutes
View the document5.5 Risk philosophy
close this folderPart V Development of handling recommendations
View the document1. Introduction.
close this folder2 Overview of rules of other donor organizations and financial institutions on the management of Asbestos problems
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View the document2.1 World bank
View the document2.2 International Asbestos association (IAA), Paris
View the document2.3 European bank for reconstruction and development (EBRD), London
View the document2.4 European investment bank (EIB)
View the document2.5 International bank for reconstruction and development (IBRD)
View the document2.6 Asian development bank Bangkok (ADB) - no guidelines
View the document2.7 African development bank, Nairobi
View the document2.8 UNEP - United Notions Environmental Program, Washington
View the document3 Risk philosophy
View the document4 Design of a catalogue of recommendations on the management of Asbestos in plans for joint developmental/political projects
View the documentPart Vl Literature
close this folderPart VII Annexes
View the documentAnnex 1: Maps on the deposits of Asbestos, Asbestos consumption and commercial trade of raw Asbestos
View the documentAnnex 2: Health and safety data sheet for Asbestos cement in UK
View the documentAnnex 3: Asbestos fiber emissions from particular processes
View the documentAnnex 4: US Federal Regulations for Asbestos
View the documentAnnex 5: Commercial names of Asbestos containing products
View the documentAnnex 6: Advantages and disadvantages of Asbestos abatement methods
View the documentAnnex 7: Asbestos data from the environmental handbook Vol. III: Compendium of environmental standards
View the documentAnnex 8: Questionnaire on country profiles regarding Asbestos

2. Structure

As described above, the present report is based on an overview analysis, which was performed by ERM in 1992. As an extension to that study, new points of focus were defined and compiled in a new report in which the findings of the first study have also been incorporated in another format.

The study contains four independent parts:

(Part I: Introduction)

Part II: Asbestos

In this part a basic introduction to the subject of Asbestos is provided. This part was the result of the first phase of the study and includes:

- Introduction: Asbestos - Deposits, Uses, Types, Characteristics
- Legal Regulations
- Environmental Aspects and Heath Hazards
- Application Areas of Asbestos Materials and Asbestos Products
- Health and Safety Measures in Handling Asbestos
- Aspects of Asbestos Abatement and Disposal of Asbestos Containing Materials

Part III: Asbestos Substitutes

Here the principally available substitutes for Asbestos containing materials in the areas of housing and water mains construction are discussed. This part includes the following sections:

- Technical Requirements for Asbestos Substitutes
- Properties of Typical Asbestos Substitutes - Overview
- Fiber Substitutes for Asbestos Fibers in Building Construction
- Fiber-free Substitutes in Building Construction
- Fiber-free Substitutes in Water Mains

Part IV: Country Analysis

As described above, the handling of Asbestos in different countries should be studied. Aside from a general introduction and the discussion of the Asbestos subject in developing countries, the situation in other selected countries is also described. The country-specific information was compiled on the basis of the questionnaire which is presented in the Annex.

Part V: Development of Handling Recommendations

In the last part of the study handling recommendations are developed based on the experiences of other donor organizations and other considerations.

(Part VI: Literature)
(Part VII: Annexes)