Glossary of terms
Decoction -- The plant materials are boiled in water for 1520
minutes or until the water is reduced to half its original volume. Allow to
cool, strain and drink as recommended.
Infusion -- Boiling water is poured over the plant material in a
container, covered and allowed to stand for 15 minutes, strained and used
immediately upon cooling. Brown sugar or honey may be added for pleasant taste.
In preparing medicinal plants, use containers made of inert
materials, such as clay pots, enamel-lined, pyrex, etc., not metalic utensils.
Infusions and decoctions should be freshly-prepared; a day's
dose may be prepared and kept fresh in a thermos bottle or in a refrigerator, if
Syrups -- The plant material is prepared as a decoction first
and, after straining, honey or syrup made by boiling brown sugar in water (1:1)
is added. Allow to simmer further until syrup is of the desired consistency.
Syrups keep longer than decoctions and infusions.
Juices -- These are extracted from fresh plant parts, taken
internally or applied locally on the affected parts of the body, as the case may
Poultice -- Soften, pound or crush fresh plant material. Mix
with a little warm oil, apply externally and hold in place with a piece of clean
cloth. Sometimes, mashed broiled rice or gawgaw is mixed with the plant material
instead of oil This dressing should be changed daily.
Liniments - Plant material is crushed and macerated in basi or
tuba, strained and used internally or externally.
Ointments - Juices extracted from plant material with the aid of
a little basi, tuba or lambanog, then blended into a sufficient amount of
Vaselina blanca or lard. This is for external