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close this bookSanitation Promotion (SIDA - SDC - WSSCC - WHO, 1998, 292 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentAcronyms
View the documentWelcome
close this folderThe challenge - A sanitation revolution
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View the documentThe problem of sanitation - WSSCC Working Group on Promotion of Sanitation
View the documentCommonly held wrong assumptions about sanitation - WSSCC Working Group on Promotion of Sanitation
View the documentSanitation research needs - WSSCC Working Group on Promotion of Sanitation
close this folderGaining political will and partnership
close this folderPrinciples and guidelines
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View the documentAdvocacy for sanitation - Sara Wood1 and Mayling Simpson-Hébert2
View the documentMobilizing the media for sanitation promotion - WHO, Geneva, Switzerland
View the documentMobilizing partners for sanitation promotion - Sara Wood1 and Mayling Simpson-Hébert2
View the documentPrivate-sector involvement in promoting sanitation - Sara Wood1
View the documentSocial marketing for sanitation programmes - Sunil Mehra1
close this folderCase studies
View the documentSecuring political will in Uganda - John Odolon1
View the documentSanitation in Surat - Ashoke Chatterjee1
close this folderPromotion through better programmes
close this folderPrinciples and guidelines
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentImportant elements for a successful national sanitation programme - WSSCC Working Group on Promotion of Sanitation
View the documentPrinciples of better sanitation programmes - WSSCC Working Group on Promotion of Sanitation
View the documentPrinciple cards - WSSCC Working Group on Promotion of Sanitation
View the documentFeatures of better sanitation programmes - WSSCC Working Group on Promotion of Sanitation
View the documentPrinciples of sanitation in emergency situations (1) - John Adams1
View the documentGuidelines on achieving water supply and sanitation in peri-urban areas - WSSCC Urbanization Working Group
View the documentPrinciples of the strategic sanitation approach - Albert M. Wright1
close this folderEmpowerment
View the documentA gender perspective in sanitation projects - Angela Hayden1
View the documentHygiene behaviour-change: lessons from other sectors - Carol Jenkins1
View the documentParticipatory approaches to community empowerment - John Odolon1
View the documentParticipatory monitoring and evaluation of sanitation projects - Jennifer Rietbergen-McCracken1, Sara Wood2 and Mayling Simpson-Hébert3
View the documentFinancing low-income household sanitation facilities through household credit - Robert Varley1
close this folderChecklist
View the documentChecklist for planning better sanitation projects - WSSCC Working Group on Promotion of Sanitation
View the documentChecklist for planning sanitation in emergency situations - Mayling Simpson-Hebert1
View the documentChecklist for planning hygiene behaviour-change in sanitation projects - Mayling Simpson-Hebert1 and Sara Wood2
View the documentGender checklist for planning sanitation projects - Angela Hayden1
close this folderPromotion through innovation
close this folderChild-centred approaches
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPromoting sanitation through children - Angela Hayden1
View the documentThe Bal Sevak programme in India - Nandita Kapadia-Kundu and Ashok Dyalchand1
View the documentThe HESAWA school health and sanitation package - Eben S. Mwasha1
View the documentChildren as health and hygiene promoters in South Africa - Edward D. Breslin1, Carlos Madrid2 and Anderson Mkhize3
close this folderParticipatory approaches
View the documentPromoting sanitation through community participation in Bolivia - Betty Soto T.1
View the documentStrengthening a rural sanitation programme using participatory methods in Uganda - John Odolon1
close this folderInnovative technologies
View the documentTowards an ecological approach to sanitation - Uno Winblad1
View the documentPromoting composting toilets for Pacific Islands - Leonie Crennan1
View the documentPeri-urban sanitation promotion in Mozambique - Darren Saywell1
View the documentUrine as fertilizer in Mexico City - Yoloquetzatl Ceballos1
View the documentExperimenting with dry toilets in El Salvador - Ron Sawyer1 and George Anna Clark2
View the documentMeeting demand for dry sanitation in Mexico - Ron Sawyer1
View the documentLow-cost sewerage - Duncan Mara1
View the documentWorm composting and vermitechnologies applicable to sanitation - S. Zorba Frankel1
View the documentBibliography
View the documentBack cover

Commonly held wrong assumptions about sanitation - WSSCC Working Group on Promotion of Sanitation

This list of “commonly held wrong assumptions about sanitation” is offered to provoke thought and challenge all those involved in sanitation, irrespective of the different stages of development that exist worldwide. The list can be a useful tool for promoting sanitation; for example, in meetings where it can be used to stimulate discussion and challenge people to agree or disagree.

Commonly held wrong assumptions

At all levels:

· Improved water supply alone leads to better health. There is no need for sanitation.
· Sanitation improvements have minimal health benefits and no socioeconomic benefits.
· All good sanitation options are expensive and difficult to implement.
· Water, air, and soil are free goods and we should not have to pay for improving them.

At the level of donors and implementing agencies:

· Safe and adequate water supply is a pre-condition for good sanitation.

· Message-giving will change behaviours and automatically create demand.

· Sanitation improvements mean simply building latrines.

· People are not willing to pay for sanitation improvements.

· Design and construction of a latrine is simple and does not require expertise.

· There are standard formulas and quick-fixes for achieving sanitation, which can be universally applied.

· There are two “right” low-cost technologies: VIP latrines and pour-flush latrines.

· Traditional cultural attitudes are a barrier to good sanitation practices.

· Water supply institutions are automatically suitable for developing sanitation.

· The private sector is not interested in sanitation.

· People are not capable of moving fast enough to meet programme goals.

· There is no need for additional specific research since the situation in developing countries today is the same as that of industrialized countries at the beginning of the century. We just apply the same solutions.

At the level of beneficiaries:

· Improved sanitation has no immediate benefits.
· Sanitation systems are never reliable.
· Responsibility for sanitation lies somewhere else.
· Children's faeces are harmless.