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close this bookCaring with Confidence - Practical information for health workers who prevent and treat HIV infection in children (AHRTAG, 1997, 60 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentIntroduction
Open this folder and view contentsSection 1. How HIV and AIDS affect young children
Open this folder and view contentsSection 2. Preventing HIV infection in young children
Open this folder and view contentsSection 3. Diagnosis, treatment and care
Open this folder and view contentsSection 4. Issues for health workers
View the documentSection 5. Selected resources
View the documentGlossary
View the documentAppendix 1 - Basic facts about HIV and AIDS
View the documentAppendix 2 - Example of a workshop to explore issues around HIV/AIDS and young children


Amniocentesis - taking a sample of the fluid surrounding the baby in the womb

Anaemia - reduced levels of haemoglobin - the substance inside red blood cells that carries oxygen

Bacteraemia - bacterial infection in the bloodstream

Caesarian section - an operation to remove the baby from the mother's abdomen

Colostrum - the milk produced by the mother in the first few days after birth

Counselling - aims to enable someone to cope better with stress, find realistic ways to solve problems and make informed decisions. Counselling is different from giving advice. Counselling is about enabling people to decide for themselves how to solve their problems. Giving advice is about suggesting how they might solve their problems. Counselling involves listening, learning, sharing and caring.

Cyanosis - blueness of the lips or tongue, most often due to a lack of oxygen

Hypoxia - lack of oxygen, indicated by symptoms such as restlessness, difficulty breathing (dyspnoea), inability to suck

Mother-to-child transmission (or vertical transmission) - refers to transmitting HIV during pregnancy, birth or breastfeeding

Prophylaxis (or preventive therapy) - chemoprophylaxis is the use of drugs to prevent disease

Sepsis - the presence of pus-forming bacteria in the blood or tissues, such as in septicaemia (blood poisoning)

Wet nursing - when someone other than the mother breastfeeds a baby

In this briefing paper, children can refer to anyone from 0 to 18 years of age. Young children refers to anyone from 0 to 5 years of age.