|New Training Technologies (ILO - UNEVOC, 1995, 95 p.)|
The millions of disabled persons in the world can benefit from a certain number of technologies for their training either to find a new job or to keep the one they have; a substantial percentage of disabled people were indeed not born so, but became disabled after an illness or an accident; so, they had a job before which may be lost if they are not helped by some technology.
Here are but a few examples of what technology can do for them:
1. various systems make the use of the keyboard, mouse and screen easier:
· touchscreens are used for some applications for disabled persons for whom touching a rather big area on the screen may be much easier than pressing a single key on the keyboard, or even clicking on the mouse button;
· software shows every character on the screen in a zoomed mode, for those who can not read the usual character size;
· limited keyboards with big keys are used when people have difficulties controlling their hand movements;
· software allows key combinations (e.g. ALT-Ctl-Del) to be replaced;
· the keyboard touch may be replaced by an infrared beam controlled by the head around which the beam generator is attached.
2. voice command systems replace the use of the keyboard for simple commands: e.g. DOS commands, spreadsheet commands (left, right, up, down, etc.).
3. blind people can use the PC for their E-mail, text processing, spread sheet calculations, etc. thanks to the use of voice synthesizers which "read aloud" for them what comes on the screen; they can also "read" their newspaper every morning in countries where news are sent by radio waves during the night to the PC of blind per sons equipped with a receiver and a voice synthesizer.
· can also use PCs and technology to: help deaf people, mainly children, to learn how to produce a certain number of sounds by a visual comparison of sound waves of the learner and of the therapist;
· help mentally impaired persons (e.g. after a car accident), to recover memory.