|Better Water Services in Developing Countries - Safeguarding the Interests of the Poor (DFID, 2000, 22 p.)|
The Department for International Development's (DFID's) purpose is eliminating poverty in poorer countries. Lack of access to water is a clear determinant of poverty. The provision and good management of water and a hygienic sanitary environment are central to the elimination of poverty, to reducing the burden on women, and to an improved quality of life. Water links with DFID's three development objectives, contributing to:
· Sustainable livelihoods, in particular through water for food production;
· Better health, through improved water supply, sanitation and hygiene practices;
· The Environment, through sustainable management of water resources, use of water for ecosystems and control of pollution.
In many of the poorer developing countries certain utilities are already attracting private sector involvement, but the water sector is seen as presenting particular political and practical difficulties. A careful and considered approach to the design of water sector PPP arrangements is required in order to safeguard the interests of consumers and government, and to attract the interest of potential investors and operators.
This information note is intended to improve the understanding of the potential benefits of private sector involvement in the water sector in such countries, and describes the environment and mechanisms for risk mitigation which can promote this involvement.