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close this bookBetter Farming Series 12 - Sheep and Goat Breeding (FAO - INADES, 1977, 51 p.)
close this folderDiseases of sheep and goats
View the documentHow to look after sheep and goats
View the documentParasites
View the documentInfectious diseases


Skin parasites

· Mange or scab

The animal scratches, its hair comes out, scabs form.

Wash the animals with warm water and soap.

Soak a piece of cloth in mineral oil and rub the animal.

Repeat every day.

· Ticks

They stick to the animal's skin and suck the blood.

Wash the animal with water and a pesticide such as toxophene.

Rub the animals regularly every week

Parasites in the body

Usually they live in the digestive system, in the lungs or in the nerves.

The parasite eggs are left by flies in the pasture.

These eggs develop in the grass and are eaten with the grass by the animals. Then they develop in the animal's body.

Parasites living in the lungs, such as lung worms, are controlled by the use of aerosols or with phenothiazine.

Parasites living in the digestive system, such as strongyles, are controlled with phenothiazine before the animal is ill.

Ask the animal husbandry service for advice on treating liver rot (liver fluke infestation), coccidiosis and tapeworm.

Parasites living in the brain cause gid (or sturdy). Animals walk like drunk persons. They must be slaughtered before they die.

When parasites have got into a pasture, do not take animals there for a long time. The parasite eggs hatch out, but as there are no animals, the parasites cannot attack them and have nothing to eat. So they die.

The animals should not feed in wet pastures because that is where parasites live.