|Special Public Works Programmes - SPWP - Community Water Supply - A Community Participation Training Element for SPWP User Beneficiaries (ILO - UNDP, 1987, 100 p.)|
This manual is intended to be a catalyst for community-based training in the clean use and ongoing maintenance of water supply projects in ILO-sponsored Special Labour-intensive Public Works Programmes (SPWPs). The booklet is produced in response to a need felt by many SPWPs for:
- greater involvement of local beneficiaries in planning for community water supply schemes,
- improved community sanitation and personal hygiene practices to ensure that more abundant water supply results in improved health and welfare, and
- the development of local institutions and procedures for long-term operation and maintenance of the schemes.
The amount of information that could be included in a training manual on community water supply is vast. However, every effort has been made to keep this booklet brief and simple. The intention is not to touch upon every improvable situation, every possible disease, or every water scheme design. It would be impossible to write learning materials that are factually and culturally appropriate for all developing countries. The present booklet therefore is meant to be merely the starting point for local discussions and action in the SPWP context, and it should be tailored to the specific community where the manual is being used.
For example, training sessions nos. 6 and 7 discuss, respectively, wells and spring catchments, two types of water supply schemes commonly found in SPWPs. However, the booklet could also be modified and adapted to improve sanitation for irrigation, dams, open reservoirs, or sand filtration water supply - all of which occur in Special Public Works Programmes.
The original text of this booklet was developed by Ms. Donna Flanagan, Instructional Technologist, after a careful survey of available community water supply training materials aimed at the grassroots level, and in view of the specific requirements of SPWPs. The manuscript was reviewed by community water supply workers from specialised agencies based on field experience in Nepal. Subsequently, the booklet was tested in workshops carried out in the Tanzania and Sierra Leone SPWPs, and the present version incorporates feedback from these tests.
A list of selected references is provided at the end of this booklet. This list is not a complete bibliography of the sources consulted prior to developing this manual. Rather, the references cited are those which would potentially be available to community health workers seeking further training support in specific areas.
Finally, a set of flipcharts based on the illustrations used in this booklet is available from the ILO. These enlarged illustrations, which do not include captions, are designed to be used as training support material for communities where participants do not read English.