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close this bookSpecial Public Works Programmes - SPWP - Community Water Supply - A Community Participation Training Element for SPWP User Beneficiaries (ILO - UNDP, 1987, 100 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPREFACE
View the documentINTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contentsSESSION 1: What an Improved Water System Can Mean to Your Community
Open this folder and view contentsSESSION 2: The Relationship of Water, Sanitation and Disease - Faecal-Oral Transmission
Open this folder and view contentsSESSION 3: The Relationship of Water, Sanitation and Disease - Water-Washed and Water-Site-Related Disease
Open this folder and view contentsSESSION 4: Breaking the Chain of Transmission - Rules of Communal and Personal Hygiene
Open this folder and view contentsSESSION 5: How Does the Water Get There?
Open this folder and view contentsSESSION 6: Wells
Open this folder and view contentsSESSION 7: Springs
Open this folder and view contentsSESSION 8: Some Responsibilities of a Water Committee


Statement of Purpose

Improved water systems do not necessarily bring improved health to communities. Clean water in sufficient quantity must be combined with improved sanitation and user-education if the potential health benefits of water are to be realised. Hygiene and water use patterns must be changed to benefit from the improved water supply.

It is the purpose of these materials to provide users with the information and understanding that will give the incentive for necessary behavioural changes.

Target Group

It is important that all users of the improved water supply understand the relationship of Mater/sanitation/health. Many schools have programmes to teach children about this relationship. The present materials, however, are meant primarily for adults who will meet in group sessions for study and discussion. Members of the local water committee, village leaders, health officials, teachers, women, and all interested citizens can benefit from these learning/discussion sessions. (Participants need not be able to read and write. The Discussion Leader can present the basic information orally and pictorially if necessary. Flipcharts are available with the booklet for this purpose.)

Community support is essential for the success of the water supply system. It is hoped, therefore, that the session participants will be influential in spreading the water/sanitation/health message throughout the community.


These user-education materials are designed to help people learn about the proper use and benefits of water. They are meant to be used with a discussion leader in a group setting. Because adults learn better when they are actively involved, each of the 8 topics is presented in a manner that calls for active discussion and participation. The information contained in each session is to be considered as a starting point for the discussion that is to follow. Given some basic facts about the relationship of water/sanitation/health, the discussion leader will then guide the discussion toward application of those facts in the community. This emphasis on guided discussion allows each session to be tailored to the specific circumstances of the community.

Detailed Discussion Leader’s Guides which give teaching suggestions are provided in the green pages at the beginning of each training session. They have been developed to provide the motivated, but inexperienced discussion leader with necessary information to lead each learning/discussion session. Experienced discussion leaders will also benefit from the teaching suggestions.