Cover Image
close this bookTraining for Elected Leadership - The Councillor as Enabler (HABITAT, 1994, 18 p.)
close this folderPart I - Essay on the councillor as enabler
View the documentDefinition
View the documentSummary
View the documentReflection
View the documentConcepts and ideas
View the documentThe art of enabling
View the documentEnabling strategies
View the documentReflection
View the documentNetworking
View the documentCollabouration
View the documentCreativity
View the documentFacilitating/enabling/empowering
View the documentEnabling and community development
View the documentKey points
View the documentAnnex - Service delivery options for local government
View the documentReferences


Collabouration is the act of joining others to accomplish mutually beneficial goals and objectives. Or, to use a more academic definition, "a process of joint decision-making among key stakeholders of a problem domain about the future of that domain." Often collabouration involves cross-sectoral interaction, such as public private shelter-agriculture, or nonprofit-profit linkages. Two components are needed to assure success in such cross-cutting collabourative efforts:

1. An interest or stake in solving the problem (what's in it for each party to collabourate?); and,

2. The degree of interdependence the stakeholders perceive they have with other stakeholders in dealing with the problem.

Collabouration often involves unlikely parties, who see different aspects of a problem, exploring their differences and coming up with solutions that go beyond their individual limited vision of what is possible. There are several factors that motivate those who decide to collabourate:

· Efficiency
· Stability
· Legitimacy

· Mutually beneficial results

There are some situations where collabouration is unwise. These situations as exist when:

· There is a wide gap in values, attitudes, and beliefs among those who would collabourate;

· There are substantial power differences between the collabourators;

· The issues are too threatening;

· A legitimate convener can't be found to bring the parties together; and

· It is determined that the costs involved in maintaining the collabourative efforts will be too high.