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close this bookEnvironmental Handbook Volume II: Agriculture, Mining/Energy, Trade/Industry (GTZ, 1995, 736 p.)
close this folderAgriculture
close this folder28. Plant protection
View the document1. Scope
View the document2. Environmental impacts and protective measures
View the document3. Notes on the analysis and evaluation of environmental impacts
View the document4. Interaction with other sectors
View the document5. Summary assessment of environmental relevance
View the document6. References

5. Summary assessment of environmental relevance

Plant protection measures must be assessed within the context of the overriding goals of plant production, taking into account site-specific conditions as well as economic and socio-economic factors. The substances and forms of energy used in plant protection may have adverse impacts on humans, flora, fauna, foods, animal fodder, soil, water and air. Measures to control harmful organisms affect the diversity of species as well as the population density of individual species and have impacts at system level (biocoenosis).

Numerous options are available in terms of plant protection methods. Analysis and evaluation of their environmental impacts should lead to selection of methods which are comparatively environment-friendly, thereby ensuring that undesirable or unjustifiable impacts are avoided.

Environmentally oriented plant protection strategies are characterised by targeted fostering and use of ecosystem-specific natural limiting factors, backed up by other measures from the wide range of physical, chemical, biotechnical and biological methods.