|Initial Environmental Assessment: Plant Protection - Series no 13 (NORAD, 1995)|
|Part II: Documentation requirements for initial environmental assessment|
The aspects included in the following checklist must be commented on. In case the problem is irrelevant, this must be substantiated. If the listed effects can be expected, their extent or degree should be estimated. Compare with Part I of this booklet if some questions should be unclear. One should be aware that questionnaire checklists like this are not always 100% comprehensive with regard to all the environmental questions which can be relevant to ask. It may therefore be useful to compare the use of the checklist to the use of other analytic tools for project assessment, like e.g. logical framework analysis, gender analysis, assessments of socio-cultural and socio-economic conditions, as well as assessment of choice of technology and existing institutional conditions. This approach may also be necessary to secure an integrated approach to the assessment of the project.
It is necessary to specify which groups of the population will be affected by the different types of direct or indirect environmental impacts. A rough division can be as follows:
· The project's target group. This is the group of the population which one expects will benefit directly from the project. This group may, however, also be subject to certain negative environmental impacts.
· The remaining local population. This group will not benefit from the project in any primary way, although both positive and negative consequences may be experienced.
· Resettled population groups. These are groups of the population who either settle in the area or move away from it as a result of the project or the development initiated by it.
Within these three groups it may also be relevant to specify if the environmental impacts can be related to specific parts of the population, such as low-income groups, indigenous groups, etc., combined with a further specification of gender and age within these groups.