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close this bookIdeas for Action : Save, Recycle and Do Not Pollute (IIRR, 1992, 146 p.)
close this folderPesticides
View the documentPesticide management in the home (In case you need to use these chemicals)
View the documentAlternatives to pesticides
View the documentKeeping chemicals out of your food
View the documentFood safety practices

Pesticide management in the home (In case you need to use these chemicals)

Pesticides are dangerous. Use them rationally and appropriately. Do not use the Dirty Dozen (Parathion, 2, 4, 5-T, Paraquat, DDT, Aldrin/Dieldrin/Endrin, Chlordimeform, Dibromochloropropane (DBCP), Chlordane/Heptachlor, HCH/Lindane, Ethylene dibromide, Camphechlor and Pentachlorophenyl (PCP).

Endosulfan (Thiodan) and Organotins (Brestan and Aquatin) were also banned from the market recently.

On selecting a pesticide

· Learn about the pesticide before use.

· Always read the label carefully and understand it before buying the pesticide.

· Do not buy pesticides in aerosol cans for they also contain CFCs.

· Do not just listen to the advise of others. Read the label.

· In case there's a need to use pesticide, use only pesticide marked with FPA approval


Select a pesticide

On transporting pesticides

· Do not buy cracked, ripped or leaky pesticide containers.

· Do not put pesticides in the bag or box where groceries or food are placed.


Transport a pesticide

Before opening the pesticide container

· Wear rubber or neoprene gloves. (Do not reuse these gloves for washing dishes.)

· Remove or cover food and dishes before spraying so they would not be contaminated.

· Clear all family and pets from areas that will be sprayed.

· Do not smoke, eat or drink anything while handling pesticides.


Before opening the pesticide container

Mixing the pesticide

· Follow the directions exactly as stated.

· Mix the pesticide outside the house in a well lighted and well-ventilated area.

· Do not use your bare hands to mix a pesticide. Use a stick.

· Never eat, drink or smoke while mixing pesticides.

· Do not mix several kinds of pesticides together.


Mixing the pesticide

Pesticide application

· Before application, re-read the label.

· Be sure members of the family and pets will not reenter until it is safe to do so. (At least two hours after the application with windows open.)

· Apply exactly as stated in the label (as aerosol, spray, poison bait etc.).

· Do not eat, drink or smoke while applying pesticides.

· Do not apply pesticides on windy or exceptionally hot days.

· Avoid exposing beneficial insects, desirable plants and animals.

· Be careful not to contaminate food.

· Clean up any spills.


Pesticide application

After pesticide application

· Clean equipment used to apply pesticides. Rinse the application equipment at least three times with clean water.

· Dispose any unwanted pesticides and empty containers properly for they will contaminate the environment and can cause seepage in the water table.

· Never reuse pesticide containers for any purpose.

· Do not burn containers or puncture aerosol cans.

· Store leftover pesticides in a dry, cool., locked and labelled cabinet out of reach of children, pets and livestock. Do not store near food, medicines, animal feed, beverages and clothings.

· Decontaminate clothings used with five percent calcium carbonate. Use alkaline soap. Wash twice and rinse well each time.

· Take a shower and wash thoroughly with lots of soap and water.


After pesticide application

In case of accidental or suicidal poisoning

· First Aid Measures

- Ensure adequate airway.

- Take off contaminated clothings.

- Wash skin with lots of soap and water.

- Do not touch the pesticide again or handle contaminated clothing.

- Induce vomiting by tickling with finger the patient's throat in case the patient is conscious.

- Place the patient into Iying position-turned towards the left, neck extended.

- If unconscious, pull chin forward to avoid tongue dropping back of throat; give artificial respiration and call for medical assistance.


Wash skin with lots of soap and water

· Be sure to know the name of the pesticides for appropriate application of antidote and general management.


The place of the patient

· If convulsion occurs, insert padded gag between the teeth to prevent the patient from biting his/her tongue.


Medical aid

Source:

Pesticides Terminologies and Classifications. Paper presented by Dr. Nelia Cortes-Maramba at the Updates on Pesticide Safety, IIRR, Silang, Cavite. 1990.

Ideas for Action:

A Technology Information Kit, November 23 - 28, 1992