|The Transition of Youth from School to Work: Issues and Policies (IIEP, 2000, 188 p.)|
|Chapter II. Training unemployed youth in Latin America: same old sad story? by Claudio de Moura Castro and Aimée Verdisco|
In the light of these results, why would countries like Chile, Argentina and Brazil want to continue youth training programmes in the future? Several industrialized and developing countries have conducted similar programmes and justified them on the basis that they show concern and action on the part of the government. But this is an expensive way to improve the public image of a government.
The results of the programmes examined throughout this study confirm that some trainees are getting more jobs than their counterparts who did not receive training. Not bad in an area fraught with outright failures. But, be that as it may, we still insist that the ultimate impact of training is on productivity. Thus, a reasonable justification for the continuation of such programmes is their impact on productivity: training increases productivity, which increases growth, which increases employment. Increases in productivity, as has been argued throughout this paper, often are not immediate - nor, by extension, are the payoffs of training. Rather, it is the longer-term impacts of training which justify the creation and continuation of training programmes such as those examined here in the short term. Demand-driven training targeted to disadvantaged youth or other groups makes sense, even in the absence of immediate employment prospects. Training strengthens and extends the 'durability' of many core skills. It is this 'durability', in turn, that prepares and sustains the foundation for growth and employment in the future.
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