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close this bookNeeds and Characteristics of a Sample of Micro and Small Enterprises in Thailand - Working Paper N5 - Micro and Small Enterprise Development and Poverty Alleviation in Thailand - Project ILO/UNDP: THA/99/003 (ILO-ISEP - ILO - UNDP, 1999, 102 p.)
close this folderAnnexes
View the documentAnnex I: Tables 2 - 31
View the documentAnnex II: Figures 1 to 9
View the documentAnnex III: List of enterprises surveyed
View the documentAnnex IV: ILO Recommendation concerning General Conditions to Stimulate Job Creation in Small and Medium-sized Enterprises, 1998 (No. 189)

Annex I: Tables 2 - 31

Table 2. General Information on Entrepreneurs - the Bangkok Survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total


Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME




DPW(M/f.)

UCDO(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME


M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


Number:

17

6

4

18

10

32

55

18

3

1

22

77

Sex:












Female

15

5

3

12

5

20

40

7

-

-

7

47

Male

2

1

1

6

5

12

15

11

3

1

15

30


17

6

4

18

10

32

55

18

3

1

22

77

Age:













20-30

2

1

1

1

-

2

5

2

-

2

7

31-40

6

2

3

12

3

18

26

6

2

1

7

33

41-50

5

-

-

4

3

7

12

5


-

7

19

51-60

2

3

-

1

1

2

7

2

1

-

3

10

>60

2

-

-

-

3

3

5

3

-

-

3

8


17

6

4

18

10

32

55

18

3

1

22

77

Education:



Elementary

13

3

-

6

5

11

27

6

1

-

7

34

High school

3

3

1

5

3

9

15

3

1

-

4

19

Vocational

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5


-

5

5

University

1

-

3

7

2

12

13

4

1

1

6

19

17

6

4

18

10

32

55

18

3

1

22

77

Table 3. General Information on Type of Business - the Bangkok Survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME




DPW(M/f.)

UCDO(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME


M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


Manufacturing

17

6

4

-


4

27

18

-

-

18

45

Products:



Food

8

2

1

-


1

11

-

-

-

-

11

Garments/Cloths

3

2

1

-


1

6

4

-

-

4

10

Herbal shampoo and insect repellent

2

1

-

-


-

3

-

-

-

-

3

Flower garlands

2

-

-

-


-

2

-

-

-

-

2

Funeral flowers

2

-

-

-


-

2

-

-

-

-

2

Brassware

-

1

-

-


-

1

-

-

-

-

1

Picture Frames

-

-

2

-


2

2

1

-

-

1

3

Shoes

-

-

-

-


-

-

2

-

-

2

2

Wooden furniture

-

-

-

-


-

-

3

-

-

3

3

Keys

-

-

-

-


-

-

1

-

-

1

1

Shades

-

-

-

-


-

-

1

-

-

1

1

Beds (steel)

-

-

-

-


-

-

1

-

-

1

1

Water ducts

-

-

-

-


-

-

1

-

-

1

1

Screens

-

-

-

-


-

-

1

-

-

1

1

Graphite rods

-

-

-

-


-

-

1

-

-

1

1

Oxygen

-

-

-

-


-

-

1

-

-

1

1

Ovens

-

-

-

-


-

-

11

-

-

1

1

Trading

-

-

-

-

10

10

10

-

-

1


11

Newspapers & books

-

-

-

-

4

4

4

-

-

-


4

Shoes

-

-

-

-

2

2

2

-

-

-


2

Kitchenware

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

-


1

Tyres

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

-


1

Fish Tank & Accessories

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

-


1

Stationery

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

-


1

Water quality testing equipment

-

-

-

-


-

-

-


1


1

Services

-

-

-

18

-

18

18

-

3

-

3

21

Laundry

-

-

-

4

-

4

4

-

-

-

-

4

Barber

-

-

-

3

-

3

3

-

-

-

-

3

Beauty salon

-

-

-

2

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

2

Flowers

-

-

-

2

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

2

Silk screen

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

Bicycle repair

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

Muffler

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

1

-

1

2

Driving lessons

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

Xerox copying

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

Import/export

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

Environmental consultant

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

Computer system analyst

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

Installing aluminum frames

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

Grand total

17

6

4

18

10

32

55

18

3

1

22

77

Table 4. General Information on Number of Workers - the Bangkok Survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total


Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME




DPW(M/f)

UCDO(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME


M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


1-5

7

3

4

15

7

26

36

2

-

2

38

6-10

9

1

2

3

5

15

9

2

-

11

26

11-20

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

3

-

1

4

5

21-50

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

4

1


5

6

>50

1

1

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

17

6

4

18

10

32

55

18

3

1

22

77

Table 5. Value of assets and premises ownership of MSEs - the Bangkok survey

Value of assets (Baht)

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME



DPW(M/f.)

UCDO(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME

M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


<10,000

2

2

-

1

1

2

6

-

-

-

-

6

10,000-30,000

12

-

-

4

3

7

19

-

-

-

-

19

30,001-50,000

2

1

1

-

1

2

5

1

-

-

1

6

50,001-100,000

1

-

2

4

1

7

8

3

-

-

3

11

100,001-200,000

-

1

1

3

2

6

7

2

-

-

2

9

200,001-500,000

-

1

-

2

1

3

4

1

2

-

3

7

500,001-1,000,000

-

1

-

3

-

3

4

7

-

-

7

11

1,000,001-5,000,000

-

-

-

1

1

2

2

3

-

1

4

6

5,000,001-10,000,000

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10,000,001-20,000,000

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

>20,000,000

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

1

17

6

4

18

10

32

55

18

3

1

22

77

Own premises

.

-

1

3

2

6

6

11

1

1

13

19

Rent premises

-

-

3

15

8

26

26

7

2

-

9

35

-

-

4

18

10

32

32

18

3

1

22

54

Table 6. Commercial registration of MSEs - the Bangkok survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total


Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME




DPW(M/f.)

UCDO(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME


M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


No Registration

16

4

2

3

3

8

28

2

-

-

2

30

Registered

1

2

2

15

7

24

27

16

3

1

20

47

17

6

4

18

10

32

55

18

3

1

22

77

To be legal

1

1

2

14

7

23

25

16

3

1

20

45

Forced

-

1

-

1

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

2

1

2

2

15

7

24

27

16

3

1

20

47

Easy

1

1

2

9

6

17

19

7

_

1

8

27

Complicated

-

-

-

4

-

4

4

2

1

-

3

7

Moderate

-

1

-

2

1

3

4

7

2

-

9

13

1

2

2

15

7

24

27

16

3

1

20

47

Table 7. Source of Investment and Years of Establishment of MSEs - the Bangkok Survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME



DPW(M/f.)

UCDO(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME

M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


Own investment only

-

2

3

17

9

29

31

7

1

-

8

39

Loan from government

17

1

-

-

-

-

18

-

-

-

-

18

Loan from cooperatives

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

Loan from bank

-

1

-

-

1

1

2

11

2

1

14

16

Loan from friends & relatives

-

-

1

1

-

2

2

-

-

-

-

2

Loan from money lender

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17

6

4

18

10

32

55

18

3

1

22

77

Years of establishment

<1 year

13

1

1

6

1

8

22

1

-

-

1

23

1-2 years

3

1

1

-

1

2

6

1

-

-

1

7

3-5 years

-

2

1

6

-

7

9

1

-

-

1

10

5-10 years

1

2

-

3

3

6

9

4

1

1

6

15

>10 years

-

-

1

3

5

9

9

11

2

-

13

22


17

6

4

18

10

32

55

18

3

1

22

77

Table 8. Difficulties in starting-up of MSEs - the Bangkok survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME



DPW(M/f.)

UCDO(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME

M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


No difficulties

9

3

2

7

6

15

27

6

6

33

Difficulties with funding

11

2

1

7

4

12

25

10

2

1

13

38

Difficulties in finding Location

11

3

1

9

4

14

28

5

-

5

33

Difficulties in finding skilled workers

4

1

-

1

-

1

6

4

2

6

12

(More than one factor)

35

9

4

24

14

42

86

25

4

1

30

116

Table 9. The Technology aspect of MSEs - Bangkok survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME



DPW(M/f.)

UCDO(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME


M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


Satisfied with present technology

11

4

2

9

7

18

33

10

-

-

10

43

Not satisfied because of:

6

2

2

9

3

14

22

8

3

1

12

34

Old Equipment

5

2

2

4

3!

9

16

6

3

-

9

25

Inadequate Premises

3

1

1

5

2

8

12

2

1

-

3

15

Poor Raw Materials

1

1

1

3

3

7

9

3

1

-

4

13

Lack of Information

2

-

-

2

2

4

6

5

2

1

8

14

11

4

4

14

10

28

43

16

7

1

24

67

Are workers’ skills adequate

Yes

12

1

3

12

9

24

37

9

1

-

10

47

No

5

5

1

6

1

8

18

9

2

1

12

30

17

6

4

18

10

32

55

18

3

1

22

77

Can be improved by better




Equipment

11

4

1

2

2

5

20

6

2

-

8

28

Technology

6

1

1

3

2

6

13

2

2

1

5

18

Premises

16

1

1

5

1

7

24

1

-

-

1

25

Skills Development

8

3

2

9

2

13

24

10

2

1

13

37

Raw Materials

6

-

1

2

3!

6

12

6

1

-

7

19

Product Design

-

1

1

-

-’

1

2

4

-

-

4

6

47

10

7

21

10

38

95

29

7

2

38

133

Table 10. The Marketing aspect of MSEs - the monthly sales - the Bangkok survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME




DPW(M/f.)

UCDO(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME


M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


Sales per month (Baht)


NA

4

1

-

5

1

6

11

2

1

-

3

14

<2,000

2

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

2,001-4,000

3

2

-

2

1

3

8

-

-

-

-

8

4,001-8,000

5

2

1

2

2

5

12

-

-

-

-

12

8,001-20,000

2

-

-

5

2

7

9

1

-

-

1

10

20,001-50,000

-

-

1

-

2

3

3

7

1

-

8

11

50,001-100,000

1

-

2

2

2

6

7

4

-

-

4

11

100,000-200,000

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

2

2

200,001-500,000

-

1

-

1

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

2

500,001-1,000,000

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

1,000,001-2,000,000

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2,000,001-5,000,000

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

1

1

-

2

3

>5,000,000

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

1


17

6

4

18

10

32

55

18

3

1

22

77

Table 11. The Marketing aspect of MSEs - the market and adequacy of income - the Bangkok survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME



DPW(M/f.)

UCDO(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME

M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


Market

Nearby only

5

4

2

10

7

19

28

-

-

-

-

28

Nearby and Bangkok

11

2

2

6

3

11

24

15

3

-

18

42

Bangkok and provinces

1

-

-

2

-

2

3

-

-

1

1

4

Thailand and exports

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

3

3

17

6

4

18

10

32

55

18

3

1

22

77

Business income adequate?

Yes

7

3

3

14

7

24

34

10

2

-

12

46

No

10

3

1

4

3

8

21

8

1

1

10

31

17

6

4

18

10

32

55

18

3

1

22

77

Table 12. The Financial aspect of MSEs - the Bangkok survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME




DPW(M/f.)

UCDO(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME


M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


Finance received from

-

Bank

-

1

1

2

1

4

5

11

2

1

14

19

Obtaining bank finance easy

-

-

1

2

-

3

3

-

-

-

-

3

Obtaining bank finance complicated

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

Supplier

-

-

1

2

3

6

6

-

-

-

-

6

Friends & Relatives

-

-

1

3

1

5

5

-

-

-

-

5

Cooperatives

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

None

17

5

1

11

6

18

40

7

1

-

8

48


17

6

4

19

11

34

57

18

3

1

22

79

Table 13. The legal aspect of MSEs - the Bangkok survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME



DPW(M/f.)

UCDO(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME

M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


Legal Constraints on business

-

None

15

6

3

15

9

27

48

18

3

1

22

70

Tax

1

-

1

2

1

4

5

-

-

-

-

5

Food & drugs regulation

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

Patent law

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

17

6

4

18

10

32

55

18

3

1

22

77

Regulations helpful to business

-

None

16

6

2

14

7

23

45

17

3

1

21

66

Tax reduction

1

-

2

4

3

9

10

1

-

-

1

11

17

6

4

18

10

32

55

18

3

1

22

77

Table 14. Assistance (BDS) to MSEs - the Bangkok survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total


Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises








DPW(M/f.)

UCDO(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME

All ME

M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


Assistance Received


None

7

2

1

13

10

24

33

15

3

-

18

51

Skills development

1

1

1

1

-

2

4

1

-

-

1

5

(Supplier)

(Supplier)

-

-

(Fed Thai Ind.)

-

-

Information

2

1

2

4

-

6

9

-

-

1

1

10

(Friend/Customer)

(Assoc./ Supplier)

-

-

(Supplier)

-

-

Fairs occasionally

12

1

-

-

-

-

13

-

-

-

-

13

Marketing & information

-

4

-

-

-

-

4

2

-

-

2

6

(Friend/Customer)

22

9

4

18

10

32

63

18

3

1

22

85

Assistance Desired:
(including financial)













None

4

2

2

10

10

22

28

13

3

-

16

44

Marketing

10

4

2

4

-

6

20

4

-

-

4

24

Financial

8

1

-

1

2

3

12

2

1

-

3

15

Skills development

1

-

-

3

-

3

4

-

-

-

-

4

R&D, product development

1

2

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

1

1

4

Supplier

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

1

Information

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

Premises

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

25

9

4

19

12

35

69

20

4

1

25

94

Table 15. Associations of MSEs - the Bangkok survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME




DPW(M/f.)

UCDO(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME


M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


None

-

-

4

17

10

31

31

18

2

1

21

52

Presently member of business association

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

1

-

1

2

Member of co-op or women group

17

6

-

-

-

-

23

-

-

-

-

23

17

6

4

18

10

32

55

18

3

1

22

77

Would association be useful?

Yes

13

3

2

6

1

9

25

-

-

-

-

25

No

1

1

1

6

4

11

13

16

2

1

19

32

Don’t know

3

2

1

6

5

12

17

2

1

-

3

20

17

6

4

18

10

32

55

18

3

1

22

77

What kind of association?

Larger cooperatives

8

3

-

1

1

2

13

-

-

-

-

13

Association of same business

5

-

2

5

-

7

12

-

-

-

-

12

(More than single counting)

13

3

2

6

1

9

25

-

-

-

-

25

Table 16. On entrepreneurship and business prospect - the Bangkok survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME



DPW(M/f.)

UCDO(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME

M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


Will quit if can get steady job?

Yes

5

-

-

3

5

8

13

1

1

-

2

15

No

12

6

4

15

5

24

42

17

2

1

20

62

17

6

4

18

10

32

55

18

3

1

22

77

Will advice others for?

Yes

12

6

3

16

5

24

42

16

1

1

18

60

No

5

-

1

2

5

8

13

2

2

4

17

17

6

4

18

10

32

55

18

3

1

22

77

Business potential:

Questionable

2

2

-

-

2

2

6

1

1

-

2

8

Struggling

7

2

-

6

5

11

20

4

1

-

5

25

Sustainable

5

2

3

9

3

15

22

6

-

-

6

28

Good potential

3

-

1

3

-

4

7

7

1

1

9

16

17

6

4

18

10

32

55

18

3

1

22

77

Table 17. General information on entrepreneurs - the Phetchaburi survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total


Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME




DPW(M/f.)

DIP(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME


M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


Number:

1

6

2

2

3

7

14

11

2

-

13

27

Sex:

Female

1

6

1

2

-

3

10

5

-

-

5

15

Male

-

-

1

-

3

4

4

6

2

-

8

12

Total

1

6

2

2

3

7

14

11

2

-

13

27

Age:

20-30

-

-

1

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

1

2

31-40

1

2

1

1

1

3

6

6

1

-

7

13

41-50

-

.1

-

1

2

3

6

2

1

-

3

9

51-60

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

2

-

-

2

3

>60

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Total

1

6

2

2

3

7

14

11

2

-

13

27

Education:

Elementary

1

3

1

-

-

1

5

3

-

-

3

8

High School

-

1

1

-

2

3

4

4

1

-

5

9

Vocational

-

2

-

2

-

2

4

2

1

-

3

7

University

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

2

-

-

2

3

Total

1

6

2

2

3

7

14

11

2

-

13

27

Table 18. General information on type of business - Phetchaburi

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME




DPW(M/f.)

DIP(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME


M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


Manufacturing

1

6

2

-

-

2

9

11

11

20

Food

1

3

-

-

-

-

4

3

-

-

3

7

Garments/cloths

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

Funeral flower

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

Palmwood ware

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Sticker

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Metal works

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

Truck/trailer body

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

Wooden door/window panel

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

Plastic shipping tray

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

Trading

-

-

-

-

3

3

3

-

-

-

-

3

Tire

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

Car audio

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

Alternator

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

Services

-

-

-

2

-

2

2

-

2

-

2

4

Laundry

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

Beautician school

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

Body shop

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

Tractor repair

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

1

6

2

2

3

7

14

11

2

13

27

Table 19. General information on number of workers Phetchaburi survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total


Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME




DPW(M/f.)

DIP(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME


M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


Number of workers

1-5

-

4

1

2

3

6

10

-

-

-

-

10

6-10

1

1

1

-

-

1

3

4

-

-

4

7

11-20

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

-

4

4

21-50

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

3

-

-

3

4

>50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

2

2

Total

1

6

2

2

3

7

14

11

2

-

13

27

Table 20. Value of assets and premises ownership of MSEs Phetchaburi

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME



DPW(M/f.)

DIP(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME

M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


Asset valve

< 10,000

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10,000-30,000

-

3

-

-

-

-

3

1

-

-

1

4

30,001-50,000

1

1

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

50,001-100,000

-

-

-

1

1

2

2

1

-

-

1

3

100,001-200,000

-

1

2

-

-

2

3

-

-

-

-

3

200,001-500,000

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

3

-

-

3

4

500,001-1,000,000

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

1,000,001-5,000,000

-

-

-

1

1

2

2

2

1

-

3

5

5,000,001-10,000,000

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

3

3

10,000,001-20,000,000

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

1

>20,000,000

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

1

1

6

2

2

3

7

14

11

2

-

13

27

Own premises

-

-

1

1

2

3

4

10

1

-

11

15

Rent premises

-

-

1

1

8

-

10

1

1

-

2

12

-

-

2

2

10

3

14

11

2

-

13

27

Table 21. Commercial registration of MSEs - the Phetchaburi survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME




DPW(M/f.)

DIP(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME


M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


Registration status

No Registration

1

4

2

2

-

4

9

-

-

-

-

9

Registered

-

2

-

-

3

3

5

11

2

-

13

18

1

6

2

2

3

7

14

11

2

-

13

27

Reason for registering

To be legal

-

2

-

-

3

3

5

11

2

-

13

18

Forced

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

3

3

5

11

2

-

13

18

Ease of registration

Easy

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

6

2

-

8

10

Complicated

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

1

Moderate

-

-

-

-

3

3

3

4

-

-

4

7

-

2

-

-

3

3

5

11

2

-

13

18

Table 22. Source of investment and years of establishment of MSEs - the Phetchaburi survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME



DPW(M/f.)

DIP(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME

M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


Own investment only

-

-

2

1

1

4

4

6

1

-

7

11

Loan from government

1

6

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

7

Loan from cooperatives

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Loan from bank

-

-

-

1

2

3

3

5

1

-

6

9

Loan from friends & relatives

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Loan from money lender

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

6

2

2

3

7

14

11

2

-

13

27

Years of establishment

<1 year

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

1

1-2 years

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

3-5 years

-

3

1

2

1

4

7

1

1

-

2

9

5-10 years

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

3

1

-

4

6

>10 years

-

1

1

-

2

3

4

6

-

-

6

10

1

6

2

2

3

7

14

11

2

-

13

27

Table 23. Difficulties in starting-up of MSEs - the Phetchaburi survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME




DPW(M/f.)

DIP(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME


M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


No difficulties

-

2

1

1

-

2

4

2

1

-

3

7

Difficulties with funding

1

2

-

-

1

1

4

3

1

1

5

9

Difficulties in finding location

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

2

2

Difficulties in finding market

-

2

1

-

2

3

5

-

-

-

-

5

Difficulties in finding skilled workers

-

1

-

1

1

2

3

5

-

-

5

8

(More than single counting)

-

7

2

2

4

8

15

12

2

1

15

31

Table 24. Technology aspect of MSEs - the Phetchaburi survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME



DPW(M/f.)

DIP(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME

M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


Satisfied with present technology

-

5

-

2

3

5

10

7

2

-

9

19

Not satisfied because of:

1

1

2

-

-

2

4

4

-

-

4

8

Old equipment

1

1

2

-

-

2

4

2

-

-

2

6

Inadequate premises

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Poor raw materials

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

1

Lack of information

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

1

1

1

2

-

-

2

4

4

-

-

4

8

Are workers skills adequate

Yes

1

5

2

2

2

6

12

10

2

-

12

24

No

-

1

-

-

1

1

2

1

-

-

1

3

Total

1

6

2

2

3

7

14

11

2

-

13

27

Can be improved by better

Equipment

1

1

1

-

-

1

3

-

-

-

-

3

Technology

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Premises

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Skills development

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Raw materials

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Product design

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-


1

1

1

-

-

1

3

-

-

-

-

3

Table 25. The Marketing aspect of MSEs - the monthly sales - the Phetchaburi survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total


Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME




DPW(M/f.)

DIP(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME


M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


Sales per month (Baht)

NA

-

-

1

1

2

4

4

8

1

-

9

13

<2,000

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2,001-4,000

1

1

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

4,001-8,000

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

8,001-20,000

-

3

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

3

20,001-50,000

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

-

1

2

50,001-100,000

-

1

-

-

1

1

2

2

-

-

2

4

100,000-200,000

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

200,001-500,000

-

-

1

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

1

2

500,001-1,000,000

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1,000,001-2,000,000

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2,000,001-5,000,000

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

>5,000,000

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

6

2

2

3

7

14

11

2

-

13

27

Table 26. The marketing aspect of MSEs, the market and adequacy of income - the Phetchaburi survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprise

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME



DPW(M/f.)

DIP(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME

M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


Market

Nearby only

1

3

1

2

3

6

10

5

-

-

5

15

Nearby and Bangkok

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

4

2

-

6

8

Bangkok and provinces

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Thailand and exports

-

1

1

-

-

1

2

2

-

-

2

4


1

6

2

2

3

7

14

11

2

-

13

27

Business income adequate?

Yes

1

5

2

1

2

5

11

10

2

-

12

23

No

-

1

-

1

1

2

3

1

-

-

1

4

1

6

2

2

3

7

14

11

2

-

13

27

Table 27. The Financial Aspect of MSEs - the Phetchaburi Survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME




DPW(M/f.)

DIP(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME


M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


Financial Received from


Bank

-

-

-

1

3

4

4

10

1

-

11

15

Easy

-

-

-

-

3

3

3

-

-

-

-

3

Complicated

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Supplier

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Friends & Relatives

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Cooperatives

-

2

1

-

-

1

3

-

-

-

-

3

None

1

4

1

1

-

2

7

1

1

-

2

9

Total

1

6

2

2

3

7

14

11

2

-

13

27

Table 28. The legal aspect of MSEs - the Phetchaburi survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME




DPW(M/f.)

DIP(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME


M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


Legal constraints to business

-

None

1

5

2

2

3

7

13

5

2

-

7

20

Tax

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

3

-

-

3

4

Labor law

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

2

2

Land use law

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

Others

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

2

2

Total

1

6

2

2

3

7

14

13

2

-

14

28

Regulations helpful to business

-

None

1

6

2

2

3

7

14

11

1

-

12

26

Tax reduction

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

Total

1

6

2

2

3

7

14

11

2

-

13

27

Table 29. Assistance (BDS) to MSEs - the Phetchaburi survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME




DPW(M/f.)

DIP(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME


M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE














-

Assistance Received

-

None

1

3

-

2

2

4

8

9

-

-

9

17

Skills development

1

1

1

-

-

1

3

2

2

-

4

7

(Supplier)

-

-

(FTI, TPI)

(Supplier)

-

-

Information

-

1

-

-

1

1

2

-

-

-

-

2

(Friend/Customer)

(Supplier)

-

-

-

Fairs occasionally

1

1

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

Marketing & information

1

2

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

3

4

8

1

2

3

6

18

11

2

-

13

31

Assistance Desired:
(including financial)













None

-

2

2

2

3

7

9

10

2

-

12

21

Marketing

1

2

-

-

-

-

3

1

-

-

1

4

Financial

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Skills Development

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

R&D, Product Development

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

-

2

Supplier

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Information

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Premises

1

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

1

Total

2

6

2

2

3

7

15

11

2

-

13

28













Table 30. The issues of associations of MSEs - the Phetchaburi survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME




DPW(M/f.)

DIP(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME


M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


None

-

3

2

2

2

6

9

6

1

-

7

16

Presently Member of Business Association

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

5

1

-

6

7

(Prov. CoC)

(Prov. CoC, FTI, TPI)

Member of co-op or women group

1

3

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

4

Total

1

6

2

2

3

7

14

11

2

-

13

27

Would association be useful?

Yes

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

3

1

-

4

5

No

-

-

2

-

-

2

2

2

1

-

3

5

Don’t know

1

6

-

2

2

4

11

6

-

-

6

17

Total

1

6

2

2

3

7

14

11

2

-

13

27

What kind of Association?

Larger cooperatives

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Association of Same business

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

3

1

-

4

5

(More than single counting)

-

-

-

-

1

1

1

3

1

-

4

5

Table 31. On Entrepreneurship and business prospect - the Phetchaburi survey

Issues

Microenterprises

Small Enterprises

Total

Supported Microenterprises

Independent Microenterprises

All ME




DPW(M/f.)

DIP(M/f.)

M/f.

Services

Trading

All Ind. ME


M/f.

Services

Trading

All SE


Will quit if can get steady job?

Yes

-

1

-

1

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

2

No

1

5

2

1

3

6

12

11

2

-

13

25

Total

1

6

2

2

3

7

14

11

2

-

13

27

Will advise others to go into business?

Yes

1

5

2

1

3

6

12

11

2

-

13

25

No

-

1

-

1

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

2

1

6

2

2

3

7

14

11

2

-

13

27

Business potential:

Questionable

-

-

-

1

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

1

Struggling

1

2

-

1

-

1

4

6

-

-

6

10

Sustainable

-

3

1

-

3

4

7

4

-

-

4

11

Good potential

-

1

1

-

-

1

2

1

2

-

3

5

Total

1

6

2

2

3

7

14

11

2

-

13

27