|School Health Education to Prevent AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) : Teachers' Guide (UNESCO - WHO, 1994, 117 p.)|
This guide has been developed to help you prepare and teach a programme on AIDS.
AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) has become a problem in our country: to date, some [give here latest figures] women and men have died from AIDS, another [...] are sick, and an estimated [...] are infected with HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus), the virus that causes AIDS. Sexually transmitted diseases (STD) are very common: [give figures that show that STD are a serious problem, particularly for youth].
As educators and parents, we can do much to save our students and families from AIDS: we can explain to them how to protect themselves from infection with HIV and other STD. There is no cure yet for AIDS, but we can easily avoid infection with HIV and STD.
Much is done in our country to provide information on AIDS and STD [mention posters, TV-radio programmes, reports in the press, etc.]. Health personnel are trained to care for people with AIDS in health centres and hospitals, and blood for transfusions is being tested [add information to allay fears of casual transmission].
Young people need to know how to protect themselves from HIV and STD. To reach all the young people in school, AIDS education has been integrated into [give here the subject(s) or extra-curricular activities] for grades [...].
HIV and STD are transmitted mainly through unprotected sexual intercourse: that is why young people need to learn about AIDS in their early teens, when they become aware of their sexuality and may experiment with it. Many young people are sexually active at an earlier age than we would wish or expect.
Education about sex and AIDS does not encourage young people to have sexual intercourse: on the contrary, it helps them realize the consequences of sexual experimentation, and avoid early pregnancies and STD, including HIV.
For teachers, a programme on AIDS is both challenging and rewarding: most young people have never had the opportunity to talk about sex [and drugs] with adults, and welcome honest and open discussion about it. They respect - and probably will remember best - those teachers who care about the problems young people face in growing up.
In teaching about AIDS, it is really your relationship with your students that counts more than anything else. We hope this Guide will be useful in providing factual information and the required teaching methods.
Information is provided for you on the following topics:
1. The programme
This section presents the rationale for the programme; the four units of the programme and the objectives of each unit; and a description of the student activities that are available for each unit.
2. Teaching methods
Since this programme is based mainly on participatory methods, it is important to know the basic ways of getting students involved. Seven different methods are discussed in this section.
3. The classroom atmosphere
Sexuality education should be conducted in an atmosphere that promotes openness and acceptance. This section provides information on: the reactions of students to discussions about sexuality; rules to develop classroom atmosphere; how to deal with special problems; and how to help the student who might be anxious about HIV/AIDS/STD.
4. Peer leaders [if applicable]
Teachers are encouraged to use peer leaders as part of this programme. This section discusses: the functions of peer leaders; why it is important to use peer leaders; how to select peer leaders; and what peer leaders need to know.
5. Participation of parents and family members
The support of parents for HIV/AIDS/STD education is very important to the success of a programme. This section discusses: parent letters; parent meetings; parent/student activities; and advantages of parent involvement.
6. Test items for student evaluation
This section presents test items for students, that match the curriculum.
7. Questions on HIV/AIDS/STD
This section is very important. Teachers need to be very familiar with the facts about HIV/AIDS/STD so that they can provide accurate information in response to questions that concerned young people may ask. A thorough review of the questions and answers in this section should be completed before starting the programme.
Teachers guide to the student activities
For each student activity suggested for use in your classroom, there is guidance on:
· How to do that activity; answers to the questions or activities;
· Special concerns about the activity (if applicable);
· Use of peer leaders; parent involvement (if used);
· Additional information or preparation teachers might need.