Cover Image
close this bookThe Fragile Tropics of Latin America. Sustainable Management of Changing Environments (UNU, 1995, 335 p.)
close this folderPart 4 : The semi-arid north-east
close this folderCharacteristics and utilization of tree species in the semi-arid woodland of north-east Brazil
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1 Introduction
View the document2 Bioclimatic divisions of north-east Brazil and the floristic composition of the caatinga stand
View the document3 Response and stress tolerance of caatinga trees to various water conditions
View the document4 Utilization of the caatinga trees
View the document5 Deforestation associated with increased firewood consumption and charcoal production
View the document6 Conclusions and a proposal
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentAppendix
View the documentReferences


Barros, S. 1985. Cercas sertanejas - tracos ecologicos do serfflo pernambucano. Secre taria de Educacao, Departamento de Cultura, Fundac,ao Joaquim Nabuco, Recife.

Golfairi, L., and R.L. Caser. 1977. Zoneamento ecologico da reginordeste para experimenta florestal. Centro de Pesquisa Florestal de Regido Cerrado,
Se Tica, 10.

Hardesty, L.H., T.W. Box, and J.C. Malechek. 1988. "Season of cutting affects bio mass production by coppicing browse species of the Brazilian caatinga." Journal of Range Management, 41 (6): 447-80.
Hayashi, I. 1981. "Plant communities and their environments in the caatinga of Northeast Brazil." Latin American Studies 2: 65-79.

. 1988. "Changing aspect of caatinga vegetation in semi-arid region, Northeast Brazil." Latin American Studies 10: 61-71.

IBGE [Funda Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatica]. 1991. Anuo Estatistico do Brasil, 1991, 528-9.

Masuda, F., T. Nishizawa, and Y. Sakamoto. 1989. "Element partition among tree, soil, and basement rock in thorny shrub in Northeast Brazil: A preliminary note." Ann. Rep. Inst Geosci (University of Tsukuba) 15: 88-91.

Nishizawa, T., and M.M.V. Pinto. 1988. "Recent changes in firewood and charcoal production and their effects on deforestation." Latin American Studies 10: 121-31.

Pfeister, J.A., and J.C. Malechek. 1986. "Dietary selection by goats and sheep in a deciduous woodland of Northeastern Brazil." Journal of Range Management 39 (1): 24-8.

Pfeister, J.A., J.C. Malechek, and D.F. Balph. 1988. "Foraging behavior of goats and sheep in the caatinga of Brazil." Journal of Applied Ecology 25, 379-88.

Ribaski, J. 1986. "Avalia do uso dos recursos florestais em imoveis rurais na regiao de Ouricuri, PK." Boletin de Pesquisa 31, EMBRAPA.

Saito, I., and H. Marnyama. 1988. "Some types of livestock ranching in SJodo Cariri on the upper Para, Valley, Northeast Brazil." Latin American Studies 10: 103-20.

Tsuchiya, A. 1990. "Hypertrophic growth of trees of the caatinga plant community and water balance." Latin American Studies 11: 51-70.