Return to residence or area from which displacement occurred
Repatriation to the place of origin is stereotypically perceived
as the solution of choice. Many displaced persons are indeed able to return
home, some within a short time. For example, in some conflict situations people
flee their villages when there is an active threat but return home again
immediately when it seems safe. The same is true for situations involving
natural disasters. Villagers in the Philippines, living in an area persistently
affected by armed conflict, built evacuation houses at the foot of the mountain
for occasions when they were displaced.
In disaster situations and in many refugee generating
emergencies, people may evacuate hurriedly in the face of danger, intending to
be gone a short time, but encounter circumstances which prevent their return.
Many displaced people are only able to return home after being away months or
years. Refugee camps were established for Cambodians fleeing into Thailand on
the assumption they would return to Cambodia within 6 months; they remained in
the camps for 10 years before they were able to