If you talk about the South don't keep silent about the North
S - Global thinking and local action is what all of us
should practice at home. This is the motto of an information brochure for
German-speaking readers, published by the World Peace Service
(Welt-friedensdienst WFD), a development organisation in Germany's new eastern
states and the association of small-scale farmers (Arbeitsgemeinschaft
brliche Landwirtschaft - AbL). Examples in the brochure explain the
interdependencies and in teractions in agricultural policy.
Readers learn about European meat and onion exports and their
catastrophic impacts on African markets, about how inconsiderate grain exports
which change traditional food patterns in Zimbabwe, and how nonsustainable
agriculture practiced today in the North is undermining the livelihood basis of
local farmers. The aim is to explain interrelationships which WFD and AbL feel
are still only known to a small segment of the German public. Both organizations
see this as a contribution to the action plan Agenda 21 adopted at the UN
conference for Environment and Development in 1992.
Tel. +49 46 35/27 45
Fax: +49 46 35/12 99
NGO: Trade and commerce should contribute to a sustainable
Bonn/Cologne - The German NGO Forum "Environment and
Development" has put forward to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) three demands
concerning trade and environment: its contracting parties should undertake not
to undermine international environmental protection, natural resource
conservation and sustainable development policies.
The WTO should also fully recognise multinational environmental
protection conventions and apply their directives. The NGO's forum also demands
more transparency in WTO's work and participation by non-governmental
organisations, similar to arrangements made with the parties to the convention
The NGO considers that fair trade between the North and the
South can make a very practical contribution to sustainable development. At the
recent congress of Ger many's Fair Trade Movement in Cologne some 250
participants put forward to politicians the demand that quotas and EU customs
give preference to products from environmentally-sound and sociallycompatible
manufacturing processes and that conditions for public tenders be changed to
include ecological and social aspects along with price and functional value.
Fair trade products are distributed by more than 700 "world"
shops and numerous supermarkets in Germany. "World" shops have a 25-year
tradition and mostly obtain their goods from gepa (Association to Promote
Partnership with the Third World Gesellschaft zur Frung der Partnerschaft
mit der Dritten Welt) whereas its supermarkets have been supplied with certified
goods from the South by Transfair Germany since 1992.
Gepa was founded by the Catholic and Protestant Churches and is
Europe's largest alternative trading organisation. Transfair is an association
of 36 trading organisations.
To help scientific research in the South
Trieste (Italy) - To recognize, support and promote excellence
in scientific research, to provide promising scientists in the South with the
research facilities necessary to advance of their work, to facilitate contacts
between individual scientists and institutions in the South, to encourage
South-North cooperation between individuals and centres of scholarship and to
promote scientific research on major problems facing developing countries.
These are the main objects of the Third World Academy of
Sciences (TWAS), a nongovernamental, non-political and non-profitmaking
organization, founded in Trieste (Italy) in 1983 by a distinguished group of
scientists from the South, under the leadership of the Nobel laureate Abdus
Salam of Pakistan.
At present, TWAS has 411 members (330 fellows from 59 countries
in the South and 81 associate fellows from nine countries in the North). In 1991
UNESCO took over responsibility for administering TWAS funds and staff, based on
an agreement signed by TWAS and UNESCO.
In addition, TWAS has maintained close relationships with other
international bodies with which it shares common objectives. With funds largely
provided by the Italian government, TWAS has been supporting research carried
out in over 90 countries in the South since 1986.
In 1988, TWAS was also instrumental in the establishment of the
Third World Network of Scientific Organizations, a nongovernmental alliance of
over 140 scientific organizations in the South. It also played a key role in
launching the Third World Organization for Women in Science in Cairo in 1993.
For further information:
Prof. M.H.A. Hassan
International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP)
P.O. Box 586
Costiera 11 34100
Tel: +39 40-22 40-327
Fax: +39 4022 45