Cover Image
close this bookGSS in Action: Global Strategy for Shelter to the Year 2000 (HABITAT, 1992, 105 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentStrategic planning for better shelter
close this folderSuccess stories in shelter
close this folderAfrica
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentMalawi
View the documentSenegal
View the documentSomalia
close this folderUganda
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentMasese women lead the way to shelter for the poor
View the documentLow-income settlements benefit as Uganda reconstructs
View the documentZimbabwe
close this folderArab states
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentJordan
View the documentOman
close this folderYemen
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentBetter building materials to meet the shelter challenge
View the documentPost-earthquake reconstruction
close this folderAsia
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentBangladesh
View the documentIndia
View the documentPhilippines
close this folderSri Lanka
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentA better life with improved infrastructure
View the documentRural architecture is improved
View the documentThailand
close this folderLatin America
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderBolivia
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentReforms pave the way for a new shelter policy
View the documentImproved land-registration systems in the Andean highlands
View the documentChile
close this folderColombia
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentNew roles for old actors
View the documentHousing for the poorest-a study in co-operation in Aguablanca, Cali
View the documentCosta Rica
View the documentHow to develop a national shelter strategy
View the documentAction at the national level
View the documentReferences

How to develop a national shelter strategy

Virtually all countries already have national housing policies - adequate or inadequate. A national shelter strategy, formulated along the lines of the Global Strategy for Shelter recommendations, would use their enabling principle to facilitate the participation of the three main actors in shelter delivery - governments (both national and local), the private sector (formal and informal, as well as NGOs and CBOs), and the community - working together in three main areas of action:

Political and participatory aspects

Reorganization of the shelter sector

Economic and financial aspects

Mobilization and allocation of resources

Physical-spatial aspects

Shelter production and improvement

Rationally, changes in policies and strategies should start with well-identified needs. Shelter strategies should aim at improving the performance of the shelter-delivery system, in order to attain adequate shelter for all by the year 2000.

This need can only be thoroughly assessed by analysing the performance of the shelter sector and understanding its behaviour under current policies and strategies. If its performance can be improved, strategy alternatives towards this aim should be considered. The main stages of setting up a national shelter strategy are:

- Evaluation of past and present policy performance of the shelter sector;

- Research of new alternatives to meet shelter needs, including the policy lessons learnt from many countries and elaborated in the GSS;

- Information exchange on new approaches, to create a more favourable environment for policy change;

- Policy formulation of new, enabling strategies;

- Training, at several levels, on new strategies and on ways and means to implement them;

- Strategic implementation of the policies;

- Evaluation of the actions and their results.

These stages form the shelter development cycle. The feed-back, given by the evaluation, sets the course for further development of the strategies.

The knowledge of the Global Strategy for Shelter to the Year 2000, the familiarization with successful experiences from other countries - such as the ones described in this document - and the assessment of the performance of the national shelter sector could be a starting point of this shelter development cycle, which should over time improve the shelter-delivery system in every country.