Cover Image
close this bookThe Organization of First Aid in the Workplace (ILO, 1999, 70 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
close this folder1. Why first aid and the organization of first aid?
View the document1.1. What is first aid?
View the document1.2. The need to prevent accidents
View the document1.3. If an accident occurs
View the document1.4. An organized approach to first aid
View the document2. What first aid must do
close this folder3. Responsibilities and participation
close this folder3.1. Responsibilities of the employer
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View the document3.1.1. Equipment, supplies and facilities
View the document3.1.2. Human resources
View the document3.1.3. Other
View the document3.2. Workers’ participation
close this folder4. How first aid is organized
close this folder4.1. Variables to be considered in the assessment of first-aid requirements
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View the document4.1.1. Type of work and associated risks
View the document4.1.2. Size and layout of the enterprise
View the document4.1.3. Other enterprise characteristics
View the document4.1.4. Availability of other health services
close this folder4.2. First aid in the context of the general organization of safety and health in the enterprise
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View the document4.2.1. Occupational health services
View the document4.2.2. Safety and health committees and safety delegates
View the document4.2.3. The labour inspectorate
View the document4.2.4. Other institutions
close this folder4.3. First-aid personnel
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View the document4.3.1. Functional tasks
View the document4.3.2. Type and number of first-aid personnel required
View the document4.3.3. Advice to, and supervision of, first-aid personnel
View the document4.4. The role of the occupational health physician or nurse
close this folder4.5. Equipment, supplies and facilities for first aid
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View the document4.5.1. Rescue equipment
View the document4.5.2. First-aid boxes, first-aid kits and similar containers
View the document4.5.3. Specialized equipment and supplies
View the document4.5.4. The first-aid room
View the document4.5.5. Means for communicating the alert
View the document4.6. Planning for access to additional care
View the document4.7. Records
close this folder5. The training of first-aid personnel
View the document5.1. General considerations
close this folder5.2. Basic training
View the document(introduction...)
View the document5.2.1. General
View the document5.2.2. Delivery of first aid
View the document5.3. Advanced training
View the document5.4. Training material and institutions
View the document5.5. Certification
View the document6. Relation to other health-related services
close this folderAnnexes
close this folderAnnex I. Examples of first-aid legislation
View the document1. New Zealand
View the document2. United Kingdom
View the document3. Federal Republic of Germany
View the documentAnnex II. Be ready for emergencies1
View the documentAnnex III. Rescue equipment: An example
close this folderAnnex IV. First-aid boxes
View the document1. Belgium
View the document2. India
View the document3. New Zealand
View the document4. United Kingdom
View the documentAnnex V. Antidotes: Some useful examples
View the documentOccupational Safety and Health Series
View the documentBack cover

2. What first aid must do

In Chapter 1, the need for first aid and for an organized approach to first aid was discussed. No matter how satisfactory the working conditions, there will always be the possibility that an accident will occur and that immediate help will be needed before the arrival of medically qualified persons. The frequency of accidents will depend on many factors, including the number of workers and the standard of safety in the enterprise, and the occupational hazards at the workplace. Other factors should also be taken into account in the organization of first aid: the type of work, the operations carried out and the kinds of injury encountered; the size and layout of the enterprise; the availability and the capacity of the occupational health service and the public health service. This will be discussed in Chapter 4.

It is expected that “what first aid must do” will vary from country to country, because of differences in labour laws, health care systems, occupational health infrastructure, and so on. Requirements concerning first aid and programmes to train first-aid personnel also differ. Based on the experience available, the tasks to be performed by first aid may be summarized as follows:

(a) to protect the victim against further harm;

(b) to make a quick initial assessment of the need to call for further help and medical assistance, and to ascertain that this need is fulfilled as rapidly as possible;

(c) to provide immediate and temporary care with the aim of saving life and minimizing the consequences of injury until help from medically qualified personnel is available;

(d) to provide essential treatment of minor injuries which would otherwise receive no treatment.

In the light of these tasks, a number of requirements must be met. First aid should:

(a) be available and operate at the worksite;

(b) be based on human resources and equipment, supplies and facilities available in or near the locations with a high potential for accidents;

(c) have access to means of communication and emergency transportation;

(d) be recorded and reported so as to provide information for follow-up medical care, improvement of safety conditions at work and workers’ compensation;

(e) contribute to the health and safety behaviour of workers and thus the prevention of accidents.