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close this bookNon-formal Vocational Training Programmes for Disadvantaged Youth and their Insertion into the World of Work: Towards a Framework for Analysis and Evaluation (IIEP, 1999, 46 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderIntroduction
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View the documentObjective
View the documentMethodology
View the documentDefinitions
View the documentScope
View the documentStructure
close this folderPart I. What is the issue?
View the document1. Disadvantaged youth in developing countries
close this folder2. Disadvantaged youth in a global context
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View the document2.1 Unemployment trends, demographic growth and approaches to tackle unemployment
View the document2.2 The failing links between formal education, training and work in developing countries.
View the document2.3 The informal sector
close this folderPart II. In which ways has the issue evolved?
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View the document1. The economic crisis and the relativization of issues
View the document2. Formal education and training: emerging trends
close this folder3. Non-formal vocational training: alternative responses
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View the document3.1 Concept and goals
View the document3.2 Institutional nature, management structure and financing schemes
View the document3.3 Programme types
View the document3.4 Training modalities
View the document3.5 The relative power of non-formal structures
close this folderPart III. Developing a framework for the study and evaluation of non-formal vocational training programmes
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View the document1. Features of 'successful' programmes
View the document2. Innovative strategies and approaches
View the document3. What does 'sustainability' mean in this context?
View the documentConclusion
View the documentBibliography


This report deals specifically with the uneducated or the ill-educated population cohort, (roughly) between the ages of 14 and 24, which is either unemployed or underemployed. The terminology 'disadvantaged youth', refers to young men and women who suffer from the consequences of an unassisted childhood, have had little or no exposure to education and training opportunities and whose weak social and family connections do not facilitate access to formal or informal business networks.

'Training', in this study, acquires the broad meaning of: “any transfer of knowledge, skills or attitudes which is organized to prepare people for productive activities, or to change their working behaviour. Training may therefore concern first-time learners, and people who have worked all their lives (...). It encompasses vocational, technical, managerial, entrepreneurial, societal and other useful skills.” (Fluitman, 1989:p.35).

'Non-formal training' refers to any programme or provision that does not comply with the formal or structured organization usually encountered in formal training institutions and in the formal schooling system. Non-formal training programmes may take many forms, one of them being the flexible non-formal structure of business advisory services (Fluitman, 1989).