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close this bookNon-formal Vocational Training Programmes for Disadvantaged Youth and their Insertion into the World of Work: Towards a Framework for Analysis and Evaluation (IIEP, 1999, 46 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderIntroduction
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentObjective
View the documentMethodology
View the documentDefinitions
View the documentScope
View the documentStructure
close this folderPart I. What is the issue?
View the document1. Disadvantaged youth in developing countries
close this folder2. Disadvantaged youth in a global context
View the document(introduction...)
View the document2.1 Unemployment trends, demographic growth and approaches to tackle unemployment
View the document2.2 The failing links between formal education, training and work in developing countries.
View the document2.3 The informal sector
close this folderPart II. In which ways has the issue evolved?
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1. The economic crisis and the relativization of issues
View the document2. Formal education and training: emerging trends
close this folder3. Non-formal vocational training: alternative responses
View the document(introduction...)
View the document3.1 Concept and goals
View the document3.2 Institutional nature, management structure and financing schemes
View the document3.3 Programme types
View the document3.4 Training modalities
View the document3.5 The relative power of non-formal structures
close this folderPart III. Developing a framework for the study and evaluation of non-formal vocational training programmes
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1. Features of 'successful' programmes
View the document2. Innovative strategies and approaches
View the document3. What does 'sustainability' mean in this context?
View the documentConclusion
View the documentBibliography


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IIEP Occasional Paper No. 83

This paper was written with the objective of depicting effective strategies and approaches that are being used in relation to the non-formal training and the insertion into work of an increasingly large population of disadvantaged youth that remains unemployed or underemployed in the rural towns or urban centres of the developing world. Concretely, how can disadvantaged youth be best prepared for engaging in self-sustaining work activities? Which agencies seem to be making a difference in this direction? Which approaches and/or strategies stand out as bearing on the steering of 'disadvantaged youth' into the world of work? These are some of the main questions that have guided this paper.

The author

Ana Cristina Leonardos has taught at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). She has done work on the study and evaluation of innovative educational programmes (formal and non-formal sectors). She is also the author of 'Effective strategies and approaches for reaching street and working children through education: reviewing recent developments', published by IIEP in 1995. She is now a project manager at the Evaluation Centre of the CESGRANRIO Foundation and teaches at the University of Brasilia.