Cover Image
close this bookSafe Use of Pesticides (ILO, 1985, 52 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentFOREWORD
close this folderI. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS ON PESTICIDES AND THEIR SAFE USE
View the document1. Definitions
View the document2. General considerations
close this folder3. Duties of manufacturers, sellers and users of pesticides
View the document3.1 Duties of manufacturers
View the document3.2 Duties of sellers
View the document3.3 Duties of employers
View the document3.4 Duties of supervisors
View the document3.5 Duties of workers
close this folder4. Safety and health supervision
View the document(introduction...)
View the document4.1 Administrative supervision
View the document4.2 Technical supervision
View the document4.3 Medical supervision
close this folder5. Education and information
View the document5.1 Education and training in the safe use of pesticides
View the document5.2 Instruction on safe working practices
View the document5.3 Instruction on emergency procedures
close this folderII. GENERAL SAFE PRACTICES IN THE USE OF PESTICIDES
View the document1. Purchase and handling of packaged pesticides
View the document2. Transport
View the document3. Storage
View the document4. Use
View the document5. Disposal of surplus pesticide
View the document6. Spillage
View the document7. Disposal of empty containers
close this folderIII. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE CLOTHING, EQUIPMENT AND HYGIENE
View the document1. Introductory comment
close this folder2. Typical protective clothing and equipment
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View the document2.1 Head protection
View the document2.2 Eye and face protection
View the document2.3 Respiratory protective equipment
View the document2.4 Gloves
View the document2.5 Footwear
View the document3. Working clothes
View the document4. The need for personal hygiene
close this folderIV. SAFE USE OF PESTICIDES IN PARTICULAR SETTINGS
close this folder1. Onboard ship
View the document1.1 General considerations
close this folder1.2 Insect control
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1.2.1 Precautions for insecticide spraying
View the document1.2.2 Precautions in insecticide fumigation
close this folder1.3 Rodent control
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View the document1.3.1 Rodent baits
View the document1.3.2 Rodent fumigation
View the document1.4 Pesticide treatment of food stores, galleys, passenger and crew accommodation
close this folder2. Aerial application of pesticides
View the document2.1 Organisation and allocation of responsibilities
View the document2.2 Ground facilities
View the document2.3 Pilots
View the document2.4 Groundcrew
View the document2.5 Flagmen or ground markers
close this folder3. Use of pesticides on farms and agricultural land
View the document3.1 Organisation and responsibilities
View the document3.2 Safe working procedures
View the document3.3 Protective clothing and equipment
View the document3.4 Personal hygiene
View the document3.5 Medical supervision and emergencies
View the document4. Use of pesticides in greenhouses
close this folder5. Use of toxic baits
View the document5.1 Introductory comment
View the document5.2 Storage of bait poisons and toxic baits
View the document5.3 Dispensing bait poisons and baits to inexperienced users
View the document5.4 Bait application
close this folder6. Fumigation operations
View the document6.1 Introduction
View the document6.2 Fumigant storage
View the document6.3 Fumigation operators
View the document6.4 Preparation for fumigation
View the document6.5 Fumigant release
View the document6.6 Ventilation of fumigated spaces
View the document6.7 Personal protective equipment for fumigators
View the document6.8 Records of fumigation operations
close this folder7. Use of pesticides in vector control
View the document7.1 Introduction
View the document7.2 Supplies and equipment
View the document7.3 Responsibility for safety and medical supervision
View the document7.4 Protective equipment and personal hygiene in vector control
View the document7.5 Container disposal in vector control
View the document7.6 Spray material preparation
View the document7.7 House treatment with residual sprays
View the document7.8 Larvicide treatments
View the document7.9 Pesticide application from ground vehicle and aircraft
View the document7.10 Vector-control fumigation
View the document7.11 Pesticide application to people for vector control
View the document7.12 Special vector-control pesticide devices
View the document8. Use of pesticides in homes and gardens
close this folderV. MEDICAL ASPECTS OF THE USE OF PESTICIDES
close this folder1. Health effects of pesticides
View the document(introduction...)
close this folder1.1 Absorption of toxic pesticides
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View the document1.1.1 Ingestion
View the document1.1.2 Skin absorption
View the document1.1.3 Inhalation
View the document1.2 Relationship between mode of action and preventive measures
View the document1.3 Signs and symptoms of poisoning by selected pesticides
View the document2. General first-aid measures
View the documentOTHER TITLES IN THE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH SERIES

FOREWORD

Over recent years there have been several suggestions that the International Labour Office (ILO) should prepare a series of basic guidelines on the safe handling of pesticides in agriculture. Furthermore, the need for such a document was specifically expressed at the 1964 ILO Meeting of Experts on Safety and Health in Agriculture and at the Fourth Session of the Joint ILO/WHO (World Health Organisation) Committee on Occupational Health, 1962.

In 1969 the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) published a set of guidelines for legislation on the registration of pesticides for marketing and sales, which had been prepared with the collaboration of the ILO and the WHO. This document laid upon the producer the obligation of indicating the toxicological action of a pesticide and the necessary safety measures to deal with the health hazards involved in the use of the product.

The present guidelines, which were prepared following preliminary consultations with FAO and WHO and circulated in draft form for the observations of members of the ILO Panel of Consultants on Safety and Health in Agriculture (representing government, employer and worker circles), provide guidance on the safe use of pesticides in agricultural work. It is hoped that the information will be of value to persons directly engaged in the handling and use of these substances as well as to persons having responsibility for organising their application.

General principles are given and followed by more detailed safety requirements for the various pesticide application techniques. Finally the medical aspects of pesticides are considered. It is recommended that this publication be read in conjunction with the chapters on dangerous substances and on personal protective equipment contained in the ILO Code of Practice on Safety and Health in Agricultural Work, published in 1965 and in the ILO Guide to Safety in Agriculture, published in 1969.

The Office realises that it is difficult to cover fully in one volume the whole range of hazards encountered in the application of pesticides. It is hoped, however, that the information presented will improve and extend knowledge of these hazards and the understanding of the necessary preventive and protective measures. Suggestions from users of the guidelines on ways and means of improving it would be useful for any future work on its revision.