This report has been prepared within the framework of the UNDP
financed programme Jobs for Africa. This programme, which has been
launched by the ILO, represents a contribution to the United Nations System-Wide
Special Initiative on Africa as well as to the follow-up to the Social Summit.
The objective of Jobs for Africa is to identify a set of mutually
enforcing policies for job creation and poverty reduction. This has been done
through: (a) developing a conceptual framework for comprehensive and sectoral
policies on employment creation for poverty reduction; (b) identifying policy
tools and operational systems to implement employment creation for poverty
reduction; and (c) designing a comprehensive regional programme to support
country level employment promotion activities.
The major thrust of the underlying approach is that Africa has
no alternative but to embark on a process of sustained growth if the continent
is to avoid continued marginalization. The process of globalization offers good
opportunities through increased exports and foreign investment. The process of
reform has to be deepened by going beyond structural adjustment stabilization
programmes, and by launching investment-led growth strategies that maximize
employment and reduce poverty.
The present report, which complements another entitled
Jobs for Africa: A Policy Framework for an Employment-Intensive Growth
Strategy, proposes a Programme of Action in order to
implement the policy framework in support of an investment-led growth strategy
for employment creation and poverty reduction. The main focus of this
Programme of Action is to contribute to capacity building of the policy
maker in Africa. It is proposed that the UN System supports African efforts to
influence investment decisions in such a way as to maximize demand for labour as
the process of growth resumes. To achieve this objective, a number of regional
and country-level programmes are proposed.
It is hoped that this Programme contributes to the
positive turnaround in the growth performance experienced by several African
economies in recent years.
In preparing this Programme, a number of institutions and
individuals have contributed generously. Particular acknowledgment must be made
to the UNDP for financing the whole project. Ms. Caitlin Wiesen has followed the
evolution of this Programmes since its inception. Ms. Wiesen and Mr.
Terry McKinley have provided invaluable inputs. Ms. Robin Marsh of FAO has also
contributed to the finalization of the Programme. At the ILO, Mr.
Vremudia P. Diejomaoh (ILO Africa Department) and Mr. Roberto Zachmann (ILO
Development Policies Department) provided valuable inputs in producing this