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close this bookSustainable Tourism and Poverty Elimination (UNED-UK, 1999)
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1. Introduction
close this folder2. How to develop partnerships
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View the document2.1 Framework for policy development
View the document2.2 Empowerment of stakeholders
View the document2.3 Role of local government
View the document2.4 Role of transnational corporations (TNCs)
View the document2.5 Small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs)
View the document2.6 Education and consumer advice
View the document2.7 Capturing good practice
close this folder3. The role of certification, incentives regulation
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View the document3.1 Certification
View the document3.2 Voluntary codes
View the document3.3 Incentives
View the document3.4 Regulation
View the document4. Possible stakeholder action
View the document5. Possible actions for developed country governments
close this folder6. Institutional action
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View the document6.1 The UN commission on sustainable development should:
View the document6.2 The United Nations environment programme should:
View the document6.3 The United Nations regional commissions could:
View the document6.4 United Nations development programme should:
View the document7. United Nations environment and development UK

2.2 Empowerment of stakeholders

Tourism can bring income and jobs to a destination but may have both negative and positive impacts. The empowerment of local stakeholders, through activities such as education, training and capacity building, will help to enable them to take a stronger role in the planning, development, management, monitoring and evaluation of tourism development. This is crucial to the creation of a more sustainable approach to tourism. Accepting that tourism operations need to be profitable if they are going to be sustainable, there is a strong case for intervention at local levels in tourism destination areas to:

· enable local communities to have access to the tourism markets when they arrive;

· develop local industries to support tourism development;

· retain more revenue locally - therefore minimising leakage and maximising linkages;

· control the negative social and cultural impacts of the tourist whilst strengthen positive effects;

· ensure the maintenance of natural and cultural assets;

· control the rate of growth of a tourism development.