Cover Image
close this bookObstacles to Tree Planting in Arid and Semi-Arid lands: Comparative Case Studies from India and Kenya (UNU, 1982, 63 p.)
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentSummary and conclusions
close this folder1. Introduction and purpose of the study
View the documentThe United Nations University programme
View the documentObjective of the study
View the documentChoice of study areas
View the documentDefinitions and distribution of arid and semi-arid lands
View the documentBenefits of trees-the "4-E Package"
View the documentRecent trends in forestry
close this folder2. India
View the documentForestry policy, strategy, and organization
View the documentSelection of the study area
View the documentResources and needs for forest products and services
View the documentOvercoming the major obstacles to tree planting
View the documentThe Gujarat community forestry project
close this folder3. Kenya
View the documentLand Tenure and use
View the documentDefinition and distribution of the arid and semi-arid zones
View the documentGovernment policy on arid zone development
View the documentForestry organization and policy
View the documentRural afforestation and extension
View the documentNeeds for forest products and services in the arid zone
View the documentCurrent programmes of afforestation in the arid zone
View the documentOvercoming the major obstacles to tree planting
close this folder4. India and Kenya: Comparisons and contrasts
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentEnvironmental and technical factors
View the documentInstitutional factors
View the documentSocial and economic factors
View the documentAppendix 1. Outline of a four-week training course in community forestry and extension at the commonwealth forestry institute Oxford
View the documentAppendix 2. Proposal for a 35-hour course in agro-forestry for agricultural students (third-year degree)
View the documentAppendix 3. Summer courses at the commonwealth forestry institute, Oxford
View the documentReferences
View the documentOther UNU publications

Government policy on arid zone development

The Government of Kenya is seriously concerned about the welfare of people in the drier areas of the country. In the Five-Year Development Plan (1978-1983) there is special emphasis on the development of the ASAL, and an interministerial task force was set up in 1978 to define issues in ASAL development and to assist in preparing the framework for a co-ordinated approach. This framework was published (Government of Kenya 1979) to provide guidance to all ministries, aid donors, and nongovernmental organizations on the Government's objectives and strategies for the programme.

The emphasis is on the alleviation of poverty through providing basic needs and increasing employment and opportunities to earn income. The people of the ASAL are among the least advantaged in the country. It is the aim of ASAL development to improve the health, education, nutrition, and skills of the people while exploiting the potential productivity of the areas. This requires rehabilitation of degraded lands and conservation of existing resources by appropriate management. The total activity in the ASAL will be seen in the light of a national development that, in the past, has tended to concentrate on the high-production areas.