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close this bookSourcebook of Alternative Technologies for Freshwater Augmentation in some Asian Countries (UNEP-IETC, 1998)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
close this folderPart A - Introduction
View the document1. The freshwater imperative
View the document2. Objectives
View the document3. Organisation of the source book
View the document4. Survey methodology
View the document5. Results of the survey
View the document6. Recommendations of the workshop
View the document7. Information sources
close this folderPart B - Technology profiles
close this folder1. Water conservation technologies
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1.1 Dual water distribution system
View the document1.2 Evaporation reduction
View the document1.3 Coconut pick-ups
close this folder2. Wastewater treatment and reuse technologies
View the document2.1 Sewage reclamation using conventional wastewater treatment
View the document2.2 Sewage reclamation using reverse osmosis
View the document2.3 Wastewater treatment using wetlands
View the document2.4 Wastewater treatment using duckweed
View the document2.5 Wastewater treatment using lagoons
View the document2.6 Other technologies of wastewater treatment and reuse
close this folder3. Freshwater augmentation
View the document3.1 General rainwater harvesting technologies
View the document3.2 Rainwater harvesting for drinking water supply
View the document3.3 Rooftop rainwater harvesting for domestic water supply
View the document3.4 Rainwater harvesting for agricultural water supply
View the document3.5 Rainwater harvesting for irrigation water supply
View the document3.6 Rainwater harvesting for community water supply
View the document3.7 Rainwater harvesting for multiple purpose use technical description
View the document3.8 Open sky rainwater harvesting technical description
View the document3.9 Rainwater harvesting in ponds
View the document3.10 Artificial recharge of groundwater technical description
View the document3.11 Fog, dew and snow harvesting
View the document3.12 Bamboo pipe water supply system
View the document3.13 Hydraulic ram technical description
View the document3.14 Development and protection of natural springs
View the document3.15 Restoration of traditional stone spouts
close this folder4. Upgrading water quality
View the document4.1 Desalination
View the document4.2 Pond sand filtration
View the document4.3 Biological pretreatment of raw water
close this folderPart C - Case studies
View the document5.1 Water conservation and recycling - Gujarat State fertilizer corporation, India
View the document5.2 Traditional methods of soil and water conservation - coconut pick-ups, India
View the document5.3 Use of reclaimed water - Hindustan petroleum corporation limited, India
View the document5.4 Reclaimed city sewage as industrial water - Madras fertilizers limited, Madras, India
View the document5.5 Rainwater harvesting - the Thai rainwater jar
View the document5.6 Daungha rainwater collection water supply project, Nepal
View the document5.7 Conjunctive use of surface and groundwater - Krishna Delta, India
View the document5.8 Artificial groundwater recharge - India
View the document5.9 Integrated water conservation - Bhilai steel plant, India
View the document5.10 Drip irrigation - India
close this folderPart D - Annexes
View the documentAnnex 1 - Additional references
View the documentAnnex 2 - Table of conversion factors for metric and U.S. customary units
close this folderPart E - Institutional profiles
View the documentThe UNEP water branch
View the documentDanish hydraulic institute (DHI)

Annex 1 - Additional references

Centre for Water Resources 1993. Biennial Report of 1991 and 1992: Alternative Approaches to Tank Rehabilitation and Management - An Experiment, Anna University, Madras.

Chakravarty, R.B. 1985. Necessity and Considerations for Conservation of Water, Journal of Institution of Engineers, Civil Engineering Division, 66:18-20.

Chandra, S. 1985. Recent Trends of Water Conservation in Drought Prone Areas, Journal of Institution of Engineers, Civil Engineering Division, 66:1-11.

Chaturvedi, A.C. 1985. Water Use and Reuse, Journal of Institution of Engineers, Civil Engineering Division, 66:42-45.

Deb, S.M. 1985. Utilizing otherwise Non-Utilizable Water Resources - A Thought and a Case Study, Journal of Institution of Engineers, Civil Engineering Division, 66:38-41.

Dhruva, V.V. 1985. Soil and Water Conservation in India - Problems and Prospects, Journal of Institution of Engineers, Civil Engineering Division, 66:30-37.

Gould, J.E. 1991. Rainwater Catchment Systems for Household Water Supply, Environmental Sanitation Reviews, No.32.

Ministry of Housing and Physical Planning and US Peace Corps-Nepal 1989. Rainwater Catchment Tank Construction Technical Manual, His Majesty's Government of Nepal, Kathmandu.

Mistry, J.F. and M.U. Purohit 1985. Attempts for Greater Conservation and Better Utilization of Water Resources in Gujarat, Journal of Institution of Engineers, Civil Engineering Division, 66:12-17.

Murti, N.G.K. 1985. Conservation of Water Resources and Recycling in India, Journal of Institution of Engineers, Civil Engineering Division, 66:26-29.

Prasad, T. 1985. Water Resource Planning - A Primary Step for Conservation of Water, Journal of Institution of Engineers, Civil Engineering Division, 66:21 -25.

Pundarikanthan, N.V. and L. Jayasekhar 1995. Proceedings of the National Workshop on Traditional Water Management for Tanks and Ponds, Centre for Water Resources and Ocean Management, Anna University, Madras.

Shankari, U. and E. Shah 1993. Water Management Traditions in India, PPST Foundation, Madras.

Shrestha, S.H. 1987. Economic and Human Geography of Nepal.

Sud, S.C. and M. Sivdas 1994. Water Resources Development in India - An Overview, Journal of Indian Water Works Association, July-September, pp 135-139.

Verma, H.N. and K.N. Tiwari 1995. Current Status and Prospectus of Rain Water Harvesting, INCOH Secretariat, National Institute of Hydrology, Roorkee, India.