Inspection consists of checking the physical conditions of a
structure and its surroundings.
Inspections are made in order to find out what is missing, gone
wrong, or about to go wrong and to decide on the remedial actions that have to
3.1 Scope of Inspections
The inspections shall be made in order to assess the conditions
of the units and determine the steps to be taken to remedy the deficiencies.
Thereby, equal emphasis should be placed on the
- operational, and
The conditions will show whether and to what extent the
deficiencies adversely affect
- the safety and stability of the structure;
the proper operation of the unit; and
- the quality of the
3.2 Extent of Inspections.
A record should be made of the observed deficiencies.
Water samples should be taken. Notes should be made on the
accumulation of sediments, the presence of small animals and the origins of
The inspection must look out for
- rock pockets (porous, mortar deficient portions of
hardened concrete consisting primarily of coarse aggregate and open voids;
caused by leakage from formwork, or separation during placement of concrete or
insufficient consolidation, or both);
- insufficient bond of screeds and plaster;
- cavities under screeds and plaster;
- roots (these are an indication for cracks and harmful
connection with the exterior);
- roofs and covers which are not watertight; porous parts;
holes; insufficient cover of the reinforcement steel;
- defective inlet, outlet, overflow, and wash-out pipes;
- defective measuring facilities; and
- blocked vents.
3.3 Types of Inspections
Inspections can be classified according to the times when they
are made. It is necessary to distinguish between three types of inspections.
1. Inspections made before putting the unit into
operation for the first time;
2. Periodic inspections made normally without
interrupting the operation; and
3. Periodic inspection made by interrupting
the operations as