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close this bookBetter Farming Series 11- Cattle Breeding (FAO - INADES, 1977, 63 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
View the documentCattle breeding means wealth
View the documentA few words to understand the course
close this folderFeeding cattle
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentHow cattle feed
close this folderHow to feed cattle
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentImproving pasture
View the documentStoring grass
View the documentMineral supplements
View the documentDaily requirements of cattle in feed units and protein
View the documentWatering cattle
View the documentHow to feed calves
close this folderLooking after cattle
View the documentAnimals must be watched
View the documentHow to watch over animals
View the documentHousing animals
close this folderThe health of the herd
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentDiseases
View the documentCattle must be vaccinated
View the documentHow to take care of wounds
View the documentWhat to do about parasites
close this folderHow cattle reproduce
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentThe reproductive systems
View the documentPregnancy and birth
View the documentAge of breeding animals
View the documentCastrating bulls
View the documentChoosing breeding animals
View the documentHow to know your herd
close this folderWhat cattle produce
View the documentMeat production
View the documentMilk production
close this folderOrganizing sales
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentFarmers' groups

Castrating bulls

A herd of 25 cows needs only one good bull, a good breeding animal. The other males in the herd must be castrated.

A castrated male is called an ox or bullock.

· How to castrate a bull

Either remove the testicles (see page 43) or crush the ducts which connect the testicles to the penis. The animal husbandry service and the livestock assistants have instruments for castrating bulls.

· Why castrate bulls?

After castration bulls are quieter, they are not vicious, and it is easier to harness them. They put on weight more quickly, the meat is better. They cannot fertilize the cows; in this way you prevent poor breeding animals from reproducing, and can leave them in the herd.

· At what age should bulls be castrated?

At about 10 months if you want to sell them to the butcher.

At about 18 months if you want to make working oxen.

If you wait until 18 months, the ox is stronger for work, but in that case it must be kept away from the herd, so that it cannot cover the cows.