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close this bookBetter Farming Series 09 - Animal Husbandry: Animal Diseases; How Animals Reproduce (FAO - INADES, 1976, 33 p.)
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Open this folder and view contentsAnimal health
Open this folder and view contentsReproduction
View the documentCastration
View the documentHow to know your herd
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How to know your herd

We saw that the good and bad qualities of the sire and dam are passed to their offspring.

In modern animal husbandry we look for breeding animals of good quality. But we also look for animals whose parents and grandparents were of good quality. The family qualities are passed on to the young. This is what we mean by selection.

Modern farmers keep a herd book. Give a number to each animal in the herd. This number is the animal's name. Mark the number on the animal's rump or ears. Use a double page of the book for each animal. Write in the book everything you need to know about your animals.

A modern stock farmer has a good knowledge of his herd. He makes a good choice of breeding animals. He makes his capital productive (see Booklet No. 8, page 8). He earns more money.

RECORD OF A FEMALE

No. of animal

Year of birth

Feed

Production

No. of sire

No. of dam



SERVICE

1st No. of sire ..............................................................................

Date of service .......................................................................
No. of offspring .....................................................................
No. of deaths before weaning .............................................

2nd No. of sire .............................................................................

Date of service .....................................................................

Vaccinations
Remarks

3rd
and disease 4th
5th

Two pages of a herd book recording a female.

RECORD OF A MALE

No. of animal

Year of birth

No. of sire

No. of dam

SERVICE
No. of femaleDate
...............................................................................
2nd.............................................
3rd............................................
4th............................................
5th............................................
6th............................................
7th............................................

First of two pages of herd book in which each male is recorded.
The second page is the same as for females (see preceding page).

PRACTICAL ADVICE

· Selection is very important especially of the male.

In one year the sire will produce a lot of offspring.

· The best way to improve your stock raising is selection of male breeding animals.