1 Article 1.
2 Council Directive 92/85/EEC of 19 October 1992 on
the introduction of measures to encourage improvements in the safety and health
at work of pregnant workers and workers who have recently given birth or are
breast-feeding, in Official Journal of the European Communities,
(Brussels, 28 November 1992), Vol. 35, No. L348, pp. 1-7. Article 2 of the
Directive defines the pregnant worker as a pregnant worker who informs her
employer of her condition, in accordance with national legislation and/or
3 Government reply to request for information by the
Office in 1997.
4 Office fral des assurances sociales
(OFAS): Assurance maternitMessage, Documents relating to the decision
of the Conseil fral of 25 June 1997 (30 June 1997).
5 S. Prechal and L. Senden: Implementation of
Directive 92/85 (Pregnant workers), Special Report 1995 of the Network
of Experts on the Implementation of the Equality Directives, document No.
V/1717/96-EN (Brussels, European Commission, October 1996).
6 Regulation of Wages (Building and Construction
Industry) Order 1994, Legal Notice No. 70, dated 1 March 1994 in: Kenya
Gazette. No. 11. Supplement, 4 March 1994. pp. 506-521.
7 Maternity arrangements 95: Part
I, in Equal. Opportunities Review (London, September/October 1995).
8 Up to 28.5 weeks after 20 years of service, which
obviously reduces the scope in practice. OFAS, op. cit.
9 Code des obligations, section 324a
(2) and (3).
10 ILO: Maternity Protection, in the
Report of the Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and
Recommendations, Report III (Part IV), International Labour Conference, 49th
Session (Geneva, 1965), pp. 179-289.
12 The limit of 16 weeks reached or exceeded in 27 of
the 152 countries examined appears to be an objective that is hard to surpass.
13 P. Cabanes: Maternitt travail. Report
submitted to the Minister of Labour and Participation and to the Secretary of
State for Womens Employment (Paris, April 1979).
14 OFAS. op. cit.
15 P. Moss: Labour Market Trends: Parental
employment in the European Union. 1985-1993 (London, December 1996).
16 See: Leave arrangements for workers with
children: A review of leave arrangements in the Member States of the European
Union and Austria. Finland, Norway and Sweden, document No. V/773/94-EN
(Brussels, January 1994).
17 C. Paoli: Women workers and maternity: Some
examples from Western Europe, in International Labour Review
(Geneva, ILO), Vol. 121. No. 1, 1982, pp. 1-16.
18 Ministry of Labour: Equality at work. June
19 In France, the report on Maternitt
travail of 1979, already cited, recommended an extension of prenatal