In this part of the module you will learn about:
· the importance
· spontaneous and organized
· integration into the
· self-initiated, aided
and organized relocation
All persons who have been displaced from their homes
theoretically have three options for a resettlement location:
1) They may return to the residence or area from
which displacement occurred.
2) They may integrate into the host
3) They may relocate to a third site.
In reality, all options may not be available. Some displaced
persons have no choice except to relocate. Returning "home" or remaining in the
country of refuge may be impossible. The choice of location made by displaced
families is not always the option preferred by planners, officials or assistance
agencies. National and international agencies, however, may be required to
assist displaced persons in all of these circumstances.
"Place" is for most people much more than a geographic location
or an economic asset easily substituted or replaced. Forests, farmlands, worship
and burial sites, physical surroundings, and the landmarks of community may have
deep social, psychological and cultural significance. "Place" to residents is
not just a location but a way of life. "Place" includes the social organizations
and living arrangements people have tailored over time. In general, the longer a
community has lived in an area the more deeply the significance of "place."
Where people have lived in an area for centuries or millennia, as with many
indigenous groups, their integration with "place" is so complete that
displacement is often no less than disastrous. The significance of "place" is an
important factor for displaced people in deciding where they will "settle" after
Q. What are some of the characteristics of
A way of life, preferred social structure and lifestyle, social
and cultural attachments, landmarks in the community with deep