Cover Image
close this bookVolunteer Participation in Working with the Urban Poor (UNDP - UNV, 64 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentNote on terminology and abbreviations
View the documentSummary
close this folderI. Urbanisation: recognition and response
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentUrbanisation and poverty
View the documentResponse to urbanisation
View the documentRecognition of ''Self-help'' initiatives
close this folderII. Insights derived from community-based programmes
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderUrban informal sector
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentMicro-enterprise promotion
View the documentWorking conditions in the informal sector
View the documentThe ILO experience
View the documentLow-income housing
View the documentInfrastructure and basic services
View the documentHealth and HIV/AIDS prevention
View the documentNon-formal education and functional literacy
View the documentWomen, gender and development
View the documentChildren of the street
View the documentImplications for VSAs
close this folderIII. Towards a community-based strategy for VSAs
View the documentParticipation: how and for whose benefit?
View the documentA sense of ''community''
View the documentGeneral characteristics of low-income urban communities
View the documentFactors determining support possibilities
View the documentGeneral characteristics of CBOs
View the documentSupport channels and intermediaries
close this folderIV. Programming concerns for VSAs and UNV
View the documentGuidelines for involvement
View the documentSuccess criteria for volunteer involvement
View the documentTaking the initiative
View the documentFlexibility
View the documentMeeting personnel and associated needs
View the documentChannels of operation
View the documentUnited Nations Agencies and their partners
View the documentFunding and other programme concerns
close this folderV. Principles and characteristics of volunteer use
View the documentFunctions and volunteers
View the documentQualities of VDWs
View the documentTeams
View the documentSkill requirements and experiences
View the documentSelection and placement process
View the documentAcculturation and language training process
View the documentEpilogue: follow-up, 1995
View the documentAnnotated reference list
close this folderAnnex: Excerpts from background papers
View the documentUrban development policy issues and the role of united nations volunteers
View the documentWorking with the urban poor: lessons from the experience of metropolitan Lagos, Nigeria
View the documentBrief account of my experience as a DDS field worker and a UNV in Sri Lanka and Jamaica
View the documentSpecial consultation on volunteer participation in working with the urban poor

Meeting personnel and associated needs

Another fundamental issue for VSAs is the appropriate type and structure of volunteer support. Community volunteers could be supported by paraprofessionals, who, in turn, could be supported by highly trained professionals. In the interests of sustainability, the use of national personnel must be the ultimate goal of any development programme. The extent to which national personnel can be used in any programme depends upon the capacity of the country and urban centre concerned. In the majority of developing countries and urban situations, however, the scale needed for this of kind of work requires some international VDWs as paraprofessionals and highly-trained professionals.

Such work may require a mix of international, national and community volunteers, as determined by the dynamics and needs of the particular situations. The challenge in supplying appropriate resources consists of: (i) defining the appropriate mix of personnel to be used, whether from international, region al, national or local sources; and (ii) identifying funding, whether local or international, which can meet project needs in a flexible manner. Dependency should be avoided. Building upon local knowledge and initiatives would guide VSAs in finding the right balance and type of resource inputs. Building projects from the base upwards would also assist in effectively identifying the amount of seed money and other resources which might be required. Supplementing local knowledge, where appropriate, with VOW experience in similar projects in the region or elsewhere would enable communities to find new ways of addressing concerns in a practical manner.