Cover Image
close this bookBetter Farming Series 14 - Farming with Animal Power (FAO - INADES, 1977, 57 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
View the documentIntroduction
close this folderChoosing and preparing fields
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentSize and shape of fields
View the documentMarking the boundaries of a field
View the documentGrub out all the trees in the field
View the documentGet permission to farm for a long time
close this folderWorking animals
close this folderOxen
View the documentChoosing oxen for farm work
close this folderTraining oxen
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentHarnessing oxen with a yoke
View the documentHow to train oxen
View the documentHow many hours a day can oxen work?
View the documentHow to feed working oxen
View the documentLooking after working' oxen
View the documentDonkeys
View the documentHorses
View the documentMules
View the documentCamels
close this folderTools for use with animal power
close this folderChoice of tools
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentThe plough
View the documentThe harrow
View the documentThe Manga cultivator
View the documentThe seed drill
View the documentThe cart
View the documentOther tools
close this folderIncome from animal power
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderWhat animal power costs
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentBuying animals and tools
View the documentAmortization
View the documentInterest
View the documentThe animals' food
View the documentUpkeep and repair of tools
View the documentWhat animal power farming costs him:
View the documentMechanized farming
View the documentSome examples of animal power farming
View the documentSuggested question paper

What animal power farming costs him:


3 600 francs


2 000 francs

Animals' food

4 800 francs

upkeep of tools

500 francs


10 900 francs

· Gambara reckons what animal power farming brings in:

Before he used animal power Gambara earned:

for cotton

26 francs X 300 kg

7 800 francs

for food crops

20 francs X 100 kg

2 000 francs

for groundnuts

15 francs X 200 kg

3 000 francs


12 800 francs

With animal power, Gambara earns more money because he gets bigger yields:

for cotton

26 francs X 800 kg

20 800 francs

for food crops

20 francs X 400 kg

8 000 francs

for groundnuts

20 francs X 600 kg

12 000 francs


40 800 francs

by using animal power Gambara has earned more, namely, 40 800 francs less 12 800 francs = 28 000 francs.

But Gambara has spent 10 800 francs for the costs of animal power farming.

So the animal power has brought in, has raised his income by 28 000 francs less 10 900 francs = 17 100 francs.

Before using animal power, you must work out how much more income you can earn by it.

For animal power to bring in more money, you must be able to farm 3 or 4 hectares of land and have, in addition, 2 hectares of fallow land to feed the oxen.

If the oxen work less than 100 days, they cost too much.

The amortization and the interest to be paid per working day are too costly.

Look at the example once more:

For amortization and interest on his oxen and tools, Gambara must pay 5 600 francs.

If the oxen work 100 days, amortization and interest cost him: 5 600 francs /100= 56 francs a day

If the oxen work 50 days, amortization and interest cost him: 5 600 francs /50= 112 francs a day

If a farmer has not got enough land to keep his oxen working, he can combine with other farmers, so as to give the oxen more work.